APA For Novices Appendix : Electronic Theses and Dissertations (ETD) | Part 2

Electronic Theses and Dissertations (ETD) | Part 2

Required Style

Each department requires a particular style for graduate theses and dissertations, generally that used in the major journals of the profession. For the departments of the social sciences, this style is APA as represented in the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, fifth edition.

Not only formats, but general writing style and some matters of grammar and usage are involved in the APA package. For example, the optional comma before and when it separates the last two items in a series is not optional in APA it's required. Similarly, the fading distinction between which and that is alive and well in APA documents. When you're tempted to use relaxed or grammatical practice, consult either the APA publication manual or this handbook to be sure your choice is kosher.

Document Format

Page numbering, margins, spacing and font required for ETDs are identical to those required by the graduate school for all theses and dissertations:

  • Numbering: Most preliminary pages do not show page numbers, although pagination is counted and does appear on the table of contents, list of tables, and list of figures as lowercase roman numerals.
  • Margins: Keep the margins at 1 inches on the bound side, otherwise 1 inch all around.
  • Spacing: The body of the document is double spaced; line spacing is not changed from the printed copy.
  • Font: A 12-point serif typeface should be used: Times New Roman, Times Roman, and Palatino are recommended. Do not express yourself by using a fancy or unusual one. (Save these for the victory notes you send to your friends when all this is finished.)