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Office: 340 MCKB

Brief Biography

Dr. Smith is a Fellow of the American Psychological Association.

His research has been covered by over 500 media outlets, including CNN, New York Times, Washington Post, CBS News, Time Magazine, Scientific American, etc.

Scholars have cited his work over 6,000 times.

His new book is "Foundations of Multicultural Psychology."


Teaching Interests

Ethics and morality; spirituality and religion in education and psychology; social psychology; health psychology; research methods

Research Interests

Spirituality and religion; familial relationships as the basis of social and individual well-being; moral issues; prevention of human trafficking; relational approaches to education and psychology



American Psychological Association

2011 - Present

Karl G. Maeser Excellence in Research Award

Brigham Young University


Eliza R. Snow Fellowship

Brigham Young University

2008 - 2011

Outstanding Contribution to Scholarship on Race and Ethnicity Award

APA Division 17 Section on Ethnic and Racial Diversity


George A. Miller Award

American Psychological Association, Division 1 (General Psychology)


Fulbright Grant

US Department of State, Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs

2010 - 2011

Emerging Professional Award

APA Division 45,


Young Scholar Award

Brigham Young University


Selected Publications

Foundations of multicultural psychology: Research to inform effective practice (2016)

Authors: Smith, Timothy B; Trimble, Joseph

Publication Type: Book, Scholarly

Publisher: American Psychological Association

City: Washington, DC

Country: USA

ISBN: 978-1-4338-2057-1

URL: www.apa.org/pubs/books/4318135.aspx

Reliability generalization of the Multigroup Ethnic Identity Measure–Revised (MEIM–R) (2016)

Authors: Smith, Timothy B; Herrington, Haley; Feinauer, Erika; Griner, Derek

Publication Type: Journal Article, Academic Journal

Publisher: American Psychological Association

Volume: 63

Page Numbers: 586-509

Counseling attitudes and stigma among Polynesian Americans (2016)

Authors: Allen, G. E. Kawika; Smith, Timothy

Publication Type: Journal Article, Academic Journal

Publisher: Sage

Country: U.S.

Volume: 44

Issue: 1

Page Numbers: 6-27

Editors: Lydia Buki

Abstract: click to view

There is a paucity of research on the mental health of Pacific Islanders living in the United States, including those of Polynesian descent. This study examined coping strategies, attitudes toward seeking mental health counseling, public and self-stigma toward seeking mental health services, and psychological adjustment among 638 Polynesian Americans. On average, participants held neither favorable nor unfavorable attitudes toward seeking professional psychological help, but men endorsed moderate self-stigma about mental illness and women endorsed high levels of public stigma about mental illness. Women showed relatively more favorable attitudes than men about seeking help from professional mental health providers. Participants reported benefitting more from culturally congruent practices for coping with distress (accepting, reframing, striving, family support, and religiosity/spirituality) than from seeking assistance from private emotional outlets (e.g., therapy) or avoidance and detachment. Mental health professionals need to build cross-cultural bridges and culturally adapt services to address concerns among Polynesian Americans.

Psychotherapy utilization and presenting concerns among Polynesian American college students (2016)

Authors: Allen, Gerald Kawika; Cox, Jon; Smith, Timothy B; Hafoka, Ofa; Griner, Derek; Beecher, Mark E

Publication Type: Journal Article, Academic Journal

Publisher: Sage Publications

Volume: 44

Issue: 1

Page Numbers: 28-49

Review of the book Cultural psychotherapy: Theory, methods, and practice (2013)

Authors: Soto, Alberto; Smith, Timothy B

Publication Type: Book Review

Publisher: APA

Page Numbers: 482-483

School experiences of early adolescent Latinos/as at risk for emotional and behavioral disorders (2013)

Authors: Balagna, Ryan; Young, Ellie L; Smith, Timothy B

Publication Type: Journal Article, Academic Journal

Publisher: APA

City: Washington DC

Country: US

Volume: 28

Page Numbers: 101-121

Hispanic Mortality Paradox: A systematic review and meta-analysis of the longitudinal literature (2013)

Authors: Ruiz, John; Steffen, Patrick R; Smith, Timothy B

Publication Type: Journal Article, Academic Journal

Page Numbers: e1-e9

Social Relationships and Longevity (2012)

Authors: Holt-Lunstad, Julianne; Smith, Timothy B

Publication Type: Journal Article, Academic Journal

Publisher: Wiley Blackwell

Volume: 6

Issue: 1

Page Numbers: 41–53

Editors: Jerry Suls

Positive parenting of children with developmental disabilities: A meta-analysis (2012)

Authors: Dyches, Tina T; Smith, Timothy B; Korth, Byran Baird; Roper, Susanne Olsen; Mandleco, Barbara L

Publication Type: Journal Article, Academic Journal

Volume: 33

Page Numbers: 2213-2220

URL: doi:10.1016/j.ridd.2012.06.015

Abstract: click to view

Although a large body of literature exists supporting the relationship between positive parenting and child outcomes for typically developing children, there are reasons to analyze separately the relevant literature specific to children with developmental disabilities. However, that literature has not been synthesized in any systematic review. This study examined the association between positive parenting attributes and outcomes of young children with developmental disabilities through meta-analytic aggregation of effect sizes across 14 studies including 576 participants. The random effects weighted average effect size was r = .22 (SE = .06, p < .001), indicative of a moderate association between positive parenting attributes and child outcomes. Publication bias did not appear to be a substantial threat to the results. There was a trend for studies with more mature parents to have effect sizes of higher magnitude than studies with young parents. The results provide support for efforts to evaluate and promote effective parenting skills when providing services for young children with disabilities.

Multivariate Analysis and Regression Methods for the Biobehavioral and Social Sciences (2012)

Authors: Brown, Bruce L; Hendrix, Suzanne; Hedges, Dawson W; Smith, Timothy B

Publication Type: Book, Textbook

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

City: New York, New York

Page Numbers: 496

Abstract: click to view

This is a graduate level textbook for students in the biobehavioral and social sciences, introducing the major multivariate and modern regression methods that form the methodological core of research in those disciplines. The publication year is 2012, but it was released in December 2011. Co-author Suzanne Hendrix is a professional biostatistician with a PhD in mathematical statistics, Dawson Hedges MD is a professor of psychology at Brigham Young University, and Timothy Smith is a professor of counseling psychology at Brigham Young University.

Culture (2011)

Authors: Smith, Timothy B; Rodriguez, Melanie; Bernal, Guillermo

Publication Type: Book, Chapter/ Section in Scholarly Book

Publisher: Oxford

City: New York, NY

Country: UK/USA

Issue: 2

Page Numbers: 316-335

Racial/ethnic matching of clients and therapists in mental health services: A meta-analytic review of preferences, perceptions, and outcomes. (2011)

Authors: Cabral, Raquel; Smith, Timothy B

Publication Type: Journal Article, Academic Journal

Publisher: APA

City: Washington, DC

Volume: 58

Page Numbers: 537-554

Ethnic identity and personal well-being of people of color: A meta-analysis (2011)

Authors: Smith, Timothy B; Sylva, Linda

Publication Type: Journal Article, Academic Journal

Publisher: APA

Volume: 58

Page Numbers: 42-60

Social relationships and mortality risk: A meta-analytic review (2010)

Authors: Holt-Lunstad, Julianne; Smith, Timothy B; Layton, Bradley

Publication Type: Journal Article, Academic Journal

Country: UK

Volume: 7

Issue: 7

Page Numbers: 1-20

Culturally adapted mental health treatments: A meta- analysis (2006)

Authors: Griner, Derek; Smith, Timothy B

Publication Type: Journal Article, Academic Journal

Country: United States of America

Volume: 43

Issue: 4

Page Numbers: 531-548

Abstract: click to view

There is a pressing need to enhance the availability and quality of mental health services provided to persons from historically disadvantaged racial and ethnic groups. Many previous authors have advocated that traditional mental health treatments be modified to better match clients' cultural contexts. Numerous studies evaluating culturally adapted interventions have appeared, and the present study used meta-analytic methodology to summarize these data. Across 76 studies the resulting random effects weighted average effect size was d = .45, indicating a moderately strong benefit of culturally adapted interventions. Interventions targeted to a specific cultural group were four times more effective than interventions provided to groups consisting of clients from a variety of cultural backgrounds. Interventions conducted in clients' native language (if other than English) were twice as effective as interventions conducted in English. Recommendations are provided for improving the study of outcomes associated with mental health interventions adapted to the cultural context of the client.