drumming and strumming


Read and write words spelled with the double letter combination -mm in the middle of the word.

Lesson Plan

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Target Words:

  • humming
  • cramming
  • drumming
  • slamming
  • whamming
  • jamming
  • glimmer
  • shimmer
  • shimmering
  • glimmering
  • drummer
  • hummer
  • strummer
  • slammed
  • jammed
  • crammed
  • hummed
  • drummed
  • strummed



  • Container to use as a drum
  • Container with rubber bands strung across to use as a guitar
  • Lids from pots and pans or some other metal object to use as cymbals
  • Jamming signs (see below)
  • Pretend jewelry or shiny fabric
  • Tape to mark off a pretend stage
  • Word blending cards (see below)
  • Jamming while Strumming and Drumming target text (see below)

State and model the objective

Tell the children that they will be humming, drumming, and strumming songs while they practice reading and writing words with the double letter combination -mm in the middle of the word, such as humming, drumming, strumming, whamming, slamming, hummed, drummed, strummed.


Practice the skill within an activity

  • Pretend to jam by humming, drumming, and strumming
    • Explain that sometimes the word jam means to create music together.
    • Set up a pretend stage and tell the children they will be jamming together by humming, drumming, and strumming.
    • Assign the children parts then alternate holding up signs to signal which children will be jamming on the stage next:
      • Hummers humming
      • Drummers whamming and slamming cymbals
      • Strummers (guitar players) strumming
      • Dancers dancing under glimmering, shimmering lights
      • All kids crammed on the stage jamming
    • Remind the children that while they are all crammed on the stage they will have to make sure they are not ramming and slamming each other.
    • Ask the children what words they saw and heard that had the -mm combination in them, and create a word list on the board.
    • Have each child write a sentence about what they did when the jammed and made music together (e.g. I jammed and I hummed, I jammed and I drummed, I glimmered and shimmered, etc.)

Apply the skill 

Word Building:

  • With word blending cards (see below), have the children make new words by changing the beginning letter(s) or the ending letters:
    • jamming --> slamming; drumming --> humming; swimming --> skimming
    • humming --> hummed; shimmering --> shimmered; drumming --> drummer

Read target words in texts (see below)

  • Engage the children in reading the target text Jamming While Strumming and Drumming as a class/group.
  • Read the text again fading support.
  • Have the children circle the -mm in the middle of words.
  • Have the children make a list of words from the text with the double letter combination -mm.

Write about the activity using target words/patterns

  • Give each child a paper and pencil and let them write words from dictation: drumming, strumming, cramming, shimmering, glimmering, crammed, jammed.
  • Engage the children in interactive writing about their experience. Review target words and phrases from the activities then present sentence frame, sentence completion, gestural, or question prompts incorporating target words and phrases. Provide verbal or written options if needed.
      • Examples of sentence completion prompts:
        • I like _____ (humming, drumming strumming).
        • We jammed to make music and I _____ (hummed, strummed, drummed).
        • We _____ (crammed) on the stage and _____ (jammed) to make music.

SEEL Target Texts

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Jamming while Strumming and Drumming

We love jamming to make music.
When we are jamming…
the hummers are humming,
the strummers are strumming,
the drummers are drumming.
We all love to be crammed on the stage jamming under the glimmering, shimmering lights.



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1. CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RF.2.3.C: Decode regularly spelled two-syllable words with long vowels.