Spread Jam on Bread


Read and write words with two short e spellings: -ea and -e; recognize both spellings as having the same pronunciation.

Lesson Plan

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Target Words:

  • bread
  • spread
  • thread
  • read 
  • dread
  • head 
  • red
  • shred
  • fed
  • led


  • Bread in a bread bag tied with a piece of thread 
  • Scissors to cut the thread
  • Thread to use to cut slices of bread (wrap the thread around the bread then pull tight)
  • Paper or cloth to spread out as a picnic blanket
  • Paper plates or napkins 
  • Real or pretend spread to put on the bread (e.g., butter, jelly, apple butter, jam)
  • Paper bread graphic (see below)
  • Red spread graphic (see below) or red paint
  • Cheese graphic (see below) to shred like shredded cheese
  • Nametags:  Ted, Fred, Ned (see below)
  • Some Spread on Some Bread target text (see below)
  • Ned, Ted, and Fred target text (see below)

State and model the objective
Explain to the children that there are two ways to spell the short e sound: -ea and -e. Tell the children they will read and write words with the two short e spellings as they tell Ned and Ted to cut bread with thread and spread some red spread on bread. 

Practice the skill within an activity

  • Spread some spread on bread
    • Spread out a cloth on the ground and have the children spread out on the cloth.
    • Spread out paper napkins or plates.
    • Show some pieces of bread in a bag held closed with a piece of thread. 
    • Cut the thread on the bag to get to the bread.
    • Tell the children that you read in a book how to cut bread with thread.
    • Loop thread around the bread and pull the loop closed to cut the bread.
    • Give a small piece of bread to each of the children. 
    • Spread real or pretend spread on the bread (butter, jam, or other spread).
    • Demonstrate spreading with a gesture or exaggerated action.
    • Tie up the bread sack again with thread.
  • Let Ned or Fred or Ted spread some spread on bread
    • Give name tags (see below) to the children to pretend to be Ned, Ted, or Fred.
    • Tell Ned to cut bread with thread.
    • Tell Ted to shred some cheese on bread.
    • Tell Fred to spread some red spread on bread (real or paper bread and real red spread (jam) or red paint).

Apply the skill

  • Identify, Blend and manipulate sounds
    • With word blending cards, have the children make new words by changing the consonants:
      • thread --> spread, dread --> bread, head --> read, dead --> dread
      • red --> fed, led --> fled, Fred --> shred, Ned --> Ted
  • Read target words/patterns introduced in the activity (see texts below)
    • Read the target text Some Spread on Some Bread together as a class/group. 
    • Read the text again fading support.
    • Have the children underline the words with the -ead ending.
    • Repeat with the target text Ned, Ted, and Fred.
  • Write about the activity using target words/patterns
    • Give each child a paper and pencil and have them write words from dictation: bread, spread, thread, read (past tense), dread, head, dead.
    • Engage the children in interactive writing about their experience by generating sentence frames and letting the children fill in target words and phrases, picking from objects presented verbally or in writing:
    • "Ted can..." (shred cheese on bread, spread red spread on bread)
    • "I read how to..." (cut bread with thread, spread bread with red spread)

SEEL Target Texts

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Ned, Ted, and Fred

Ned read about how to cut bread with thread.
Ted read about how to shred cheese on bread.
Fred read how to spread red jam on bread.
Now Ned slices bread with red thread.
Now Ted shreds cheese on bread.
Now Fred spreads red spread on bread.

Some Spread on Some Bread

Let's have some bread.
Spread out a cloth.
Spread out the plates.
Spread out the kids. 
Cut the bread with some thread.
Spread the bread with some red spread.
Now tie the bread back up with some thread. 



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1. CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RF.1.3.B: Decode regularly spelled one-syllable words.

2. CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RF.1.3.C: Know final -e and common vowel team conventions for representing long vowel sounds.