Target text
Spread Jam on Bread


Read and write words with the two short e spellings -ea and -e.

Lesson Plan

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Target Words:

  • bread
  • spread
  • thread
  • read (past tense)
  • dread
  • head 
  • red


  • Bread in a bag tied with thread 
  • Thread to slice bread (wrap the thread around the bread and pull)
  • Paper or cloth to spread out 
  • Plates or napkins 
  • Real or pretend spread to put on the bread (e.g., butter, jelly, jam)
  • Paper bread graphic 
  • Red spread graphic or red paint
  • Cheese graphic to shred 
  • Name tags labeled Ted, Fred, and Ned
  • Some Spread on Bread target text 
  • Ned, Ted, and Fred target text 

State and Model the Objective
The children will read and write words with the two short e spellings -ea and -e as they tell Ned, Ted, and Fred to spread red spread on bread. 
Literacy Activities
Spread some spread on bread

  • Have the children help spread out a cloth.
  • Spread out paper napkins or plates.
  • Show some bread in a bag held closed with a piece of thread. 
  • Cut the thread to get to the bread.
  • Tell the children that you read how to cut bread with thread.
  • Loop thread around the bread, and pull the thread to cut the bread.
  • Spread (or pretend to spread) some spread (butter or jam) on the bread.
  • Tie up the bread sack again with thread.

Let Ned or Fred or Ted spread some spread on bread

  • Give Ned, Ted, or Fred name tags to children.
  • Tell Ned to cut bread with thread.
  • Tell Ted to shred some cheese on bread (cut the picture of cheese).
  • Tell Fred to spread red spread on bread (paper bread and red paint).

More Practice
Identify, blend, and manipulate sounds

  • With word blending cards, have the children make new words by changing the consonants:
    • thread → spread, dread → bread, head → read, dead → dread
    • red → fed, led → fled, Fred → shred, Ned → Ted

Read target words in texts 

  • Read the target text Some Spread on Bread together as a group. 
  • Read the text again, fading support.
  • Have the children underline the words with the -ead ending.
  • Repeat with the target text Ned, Ted, and Fred.

Write about the activity using target words and patterns

  • Give each child a paper and pencil and have them write words from dictation: bread, spread, thread, read (past tense), dread, head, dead.
  • Engage the children in interactive writing about their experience by generating sentence frames and letting the children fill in target words and phrases.
    • "Ted can ___ (shred cheese on bread, spread red spread on bread)."
    • "I read how to ___ (cut bread with thread, spread bread with red spread)."

SEEL Target Texts

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Ned, Ted, and Fred

Ned read about how to cut bread with thread.
Ted read about how to shred cheese on bread.
Fred read how to spread red jam on bread.
Now Ned slices bread with red thread.
Now Ted shreds cheese on bread.
Now Fred spreads red spread on bread.

Some Spread on Bread

Let's have some bread.
Spread out a cloth.
Spread out the plates.
Spread out the kids. 
Cut the bread with some thread.
Spread the bread with some red spread.
Now tie the bread back up with some thread. 



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1. CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RF.1.3.B: Decode regularly spelled one-syllable words.