Things to Twirl, Hurl, and Swirl

Objective

Read and write words with medial 'er' sound that have different spellings: ir, ur, and er.

Lesson Plan

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Target Words:

  • twirl
  • swirl
  • whirl
  • curl
  • hurl 

Materials:

  • Small amount of water in a cup or bowl
  • Nerf football or crumpled paper football
  • Ribbons or strips of paper made into curls
  • Toy tops or tops from half-gallon juice bottles to use like toy tops
  • Things We Can Make Twirl and Swirl Around target text (see below)
  • Give it a Whirl target text (see below)
  • Whose Turn is it to Swirl, Twirl, and Hurl? target text (see below)
  • A Toy Top can Twirl, Swirl, and Whirl Around target text (see below)

State and model the objective 
Tell the children that today they will have fun experimenting with things that can be swirled, hurled, or twirled. Explain that -ir and -ur in some words make the 'er' sound. Pronounce and then list words that make the 'er' sound: twirl, swirl, whirl, stir, curl, and hurl. Explain that the 'er' sound can be spelled in different ways: ur, ir, er. 

Practice the skill within an activity
Engage the children in any of the following activities and have them read the text/s about their experience.

  • Option 1: Swirl and churn water in a cup
    • Provide a small amount of water in a cup or bowl. 
    • Let the children swirl the cup to make the water swirl and to churn the water in the cup.
    • Have the children take turns stirring the water to make it swirl. Emphasize when a child is going first or third (the other turns are labeled "not first" or "not third").
  • Option 2: Twirl to hurl a football
    • Take a Nerf ball or crumpled paper football and show how to hurl it by giving it a twirl. Explain that hurl means to throw. Explain that the correct way to hurl a football is to twirl it as you hurl. This makes the football twirl in the air. 
    • Tell the children that they all will get a turn in teams of three. Decide who will be first, second, and third to get a turn. Comment on the children being, a) first to have a turn to twirl and hurl, b) second (not first and not third) to twirl and hurl, and c) third to have a turn to twirl and hurl. (Emphasize the /er/ sound in the target words.) 
  • Option 3: Twirl a toy top or curl (ribbon) to make it whirl 
    • Make a toy top or bottle top twirl and whirl.
    • Put names on the tops (Swirly, Twirly, Burly, Whirly) and see which ones whirl and twirl the best. 
    • Take a long curled ribbon or paper (or string) and swirl it around to make it twirl in a pretty pattern. 

Apply the skill

  • Read target sounds in a text
    • Engage the children in interactive reading of the texts that correspond with the chosen activities (see below). 
    • Write directions for taking turns and state who will be first, second, and third to twirl, swirl, stir, whirl, or hurl the top or ball or water.   
    • Write the names of the tops on cards and see if the top will stop twirling close to its name card.  Write about which top was able to twirl, swirl, and whirl around. Write which top was the first or third to stop.  
    • Have the children write about giving things a whirl and watching them twirl and swirl. 

SEEL Target Texts

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A Toy Top can Twirl, Swirl, and Whirl Around

Toy tops can whirl, and swirl and twirl.
Let's make four tops twirl.
We can call the tops Swirly, Twirly, Burly, and Whirly. 
Let's see which top can twirl the longest.
Spin and drop the tops to see if they will twirl.  
Which top will twirl and whirl the longest?
Will it be Swirly, Twirly, Burly, or Whirly?

Whose Turn is it to Swirl, Twirl, and Hurl?

Whose turn is it to hurl a Nerf ball?
It is a girl's turn.
Give it to her to twirl and hurl.
 
Whose turn is it to make some water swirl?
It is a girl's turn.
Give it to her to swirl.
 
Whose turn is it to swirl a curl around?
It is a girl's turn.
Give it to her to swirl.
 
Whose turn is it to twirl a top?
It is a girl's turn.
Give it to her to twirl.
 
Now it is not the girl's turn to hurl the Nerf ball.  
Do not give it to her to hurl.
Now it is not the girl's turn to swirl water around.  
Do not give it to her to swirl.
Now it is not the girl's turn to twirl a curl around.  
Do not give it to her to twirl.
Now it is not the girl's turn to whirl a top.  
Do not give it to her to whirl.
Now it's the boy's turn to hurl and swirl and twirl and whirl. 

Give it a Whirl

Give a toy top a whirl.  
Give it a twirl.  
Make it swirl around.
Make it whirl.
 
Give a Nerf ball a twirl.  
Hurl it and make it swirl in the air.
Twirl it and watch it swirl.  
Make it twirl and whirl through the air.
 
Give some water a swirl.  
Twirl it around.
Churn it up.
Make it swirl around in the cup.

Things We Can Make Twirl and Swirl Around

We can make water swirl.
Give it a whirl and churn it up.
We can make a Nerf ball whirl.
Give it a twirl and hurl it far away.
We can make a top swirl.
Give it a twirl and watch it whirl.
We can make ribbon twirl and swirl.
Give it a curl and whirl it around.
There are lots of things that can whirl, twirl, and swirl.

Standards

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1. CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RF.1.3.B: Decode regularly spelled one-syllable words.

2. CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RF.1.3.C: Know final -e and common vowel team conventions for representing long vowel sounds.

http://education.byu.edu/seel/library/