Load a Boat with Goats


Read and write words with the oa vowel combination.

Lesson Plan

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Target Words:

  • goat
  • boat
  • oak
  • soap
  • boast
  • toast
  • loan


  • Toy goats or pictures of goats (see below)
  • Toy boat or folded paper boat (see instructions below for folding a paper boat)
  • Oats, toast, a scrap of soap, and a coat or cloak cut out of scrap paper or cloth (optional)
  • Small pan of water where the boat can float
  • Word cards (see below)
  • Goats in a Boat target text (see below)


State and model the objective

Tell the children that they will load goats, soap, oats, cloaks, and other things in a boat (words with the –oa vowel combination). Introduce words with –oa: goat, boat, oak.


Practice the skill within an activity

  • Load a boat with goats and oats
    • Put a toy boat or a folded paper boat (see pattern below) in a small pan of water.
    • Pretend that the boat is made of oak (explain that oak is a type of wood).
    • Let the children load the boat with goats (see graphics below).
    • Tell the children that goats will take a trip on a boat and they will take oats, toast, soap, coats, and cloaks.
    • Give the children word cards with words spelled with –oa and have the children read the words.
    • Let the children load the word cards onto the boat.
    • Have the children read a word card then use objects (i.e., boat, goats, oats, toast, soap, coat, cloak) to act out the word on the card (optional).
  • Pretend to be goats that get loaded onto boats
    • Let the children pretend to be goats that get loaded onto a boat.
    • Have the children read the word cards one at a time and have them act out the word on the card:
      • Pretend that the goats (and oats and coats, etc.) float away on the boat.
      • Boast and gloat that the imaginary boat is the best boat.
      • Put on a cloak or coat to stay warm in the boat.
      • Feel rain soak the coat and all the goats on the boat.
      • Moan and groan when they get soaked or when it’s time to get off the boat.
      • Unload the goats and pretend oats from the boat.


Apply the skill

  • Read target words in texts (see below)
    • Have the children write a list of words from the activity with the –oa vowel combination.
    • Engage the children in reading the target text Goats Float in a Boat as a class/group.
  • Read the text again fading support.
    • Have the children make a list of the words with the –oa vowel combination as you read the text together.
  • Write about the activity using target words/patterns
    • Give each child a paper and pencil and let them write about the goats in the boat. Have them include some of these words: goat, boat, oak, soap, boast, toast, loan, cloak, coat, coast, float, foam, gloat, groan, load, moan, oats.


SEEL Target Texts

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Goats in a Boat

There were three goats who built a boat using oak wood.
They gloated and boasted that they built the best boat.
They wanted to float by the coast in the boat.
They loaded oats, toast, cloaks, and some soap on their boat.
The goats climbed aboard the boat and floated away.
They saw some sea foam then looked back at the coast.
They moaned and groaned that it was time to get off of the boat.
They returned to the coast and unloaded their boat.
The three goats decided it’s best not to float in boats.



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1. CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RF.1.3.B: Decode regularly spelled one-syllable words.
2. CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RF.1.3.C: Know final -e and common vowel team conventions for representing long vowel sounds.