Toil for the Royal King

Objective

Read and write words spelled with the diphthongs oy and oi, and recognize both spellings as having the same pronunciation.

Lesson Plan

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Target Words:

  • royal
  • royalty
  • loyal
  • loyalty
  • toil
  • spoil
  • foil
  • soil
  • boil
  • broil
  • oil
  • spoil
  • coin

Materials:

  • Props to use for toiling for the king and queen:
    • Royal robe
    • Tinfoil and food items (real or pretend)
    • Gardening items and soil (real or pretend)
    • Royal coins (see graphics)
  • Loyalty Oath to Toil in the Royal Classroom target text (see below)
  • Toil for the Royal King (see target text below)
  • The Royal King Does Not Need to Toil target text (see below)
  • Word blending cards (see below)
  • Shield (see below) for writing activity

State and model the objective
Tell the children they will pretend to be loyal to a royal king as they read and write words spelled with oy and oi. royal, royalty, loyal, loyalty, foil, spoil, oil, toil, soil.

Practice the skill within an activity

  • Read the target text Loyalty Oath to Toil in the Royal Classroom
    • Make a list of words spelled with oy and oi on the board, such as royal, loyal, foil, and soil, and p​​​​oint out that the oy and oi spellings both have the same pronunciation.
    • Pretend to have a royal king or queen.
    • Explain that the subjects (people in the royal kingdom) have to be loyal (give support) to the king or queen.
    • Read the text Loyalty Oath to Toil in the Royal Classroom (see below).
    • Discuss the meaning of words in the oath (e.g., an oath is a promise, loyal means true dependable, toil means to work hard, etc.)
    • Have the children find words spelled with oy and oi and emphasize that these words are spelled differently but sound the same.
  • Pretend to toil for the royal king
    • Tell the children that they will become royal members of a classroom kingdom.
    • Explain that a kingdom includes royalty (e.g., kings and queens or princes and princesses) and loyal servants to the royal king or queen who toil to support the royalty.
    • Have the children help you make a list of commands the king or queen could give using words spelled with oy or oi:
      • Spoil the king so he doesn’t have to toil (explain that spoil means to give someone special treatment).
      • Clean the royal robe.
      • Toil (dig) in the soil.
      • Broil food in foil and don’t let it spoil (explain that spoil can also mean to let something go bad).
      • Boil and cook food for the royal king.
      • Take a royal coin as thanks for being loyal.
    • Let the children take turns being a royal king or queen and loyal servants using the list of commands and props.

Apply the skill (Choose from the activities below)

  • Phonological Awareness
    • Word Building:
      • With word blending cards (see below), have the children make new words by changing the vowel or either of the consonants:
        • royal → loyal; toil soil; foil boil; oil → spoil; coil coin
  • Read target words in texts (see below)
    • Engage the children in reading the targat text Toil for the Royal King together as a class/group.
    • Read the text again fading support.
    • Ask the children to listen for oy/oi words as you read the text together.
    • Have the children make a list of the words spelled with oy and oi.
    • Repeat with the target text The Royal King Does Not Need to Toil.
  • Write about the activity using target words/patterns
    • Have the children write words spelled with oy and oi on a paper shield (see below): royal, royalty, loyal, loyalty, foil, spoil, oil, toil, soil.
    • Engage the children in interactive writing about their experience. Review target words and phrases from the activities then present sentence frame, sentence completion, gestural, or question prompts incorporating target words and phrases. Provide verbal or written options if needed.
      • Example of an interactive text:
        • The _____ (royal) king doesn’t have to _____ (toil).
        • Instead, the _____ (loyal) servants _____ (toil) for the king.
        • The servants_____ (toil) in the _____ (soil).
        • They _____ (toil) in the kitchen while they _____ (boil) and _____ (broil) food.
        • The servants _____ (spoil) the _____ (royal) king.
        • The _____ (royal) king gives the _____ (loyal) servants _____ (royal) coins to thank them for their _____ (toil).

SEEL Target Texts

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Loyalty Oath to Toil in the Royal Classroom

Join me in an oath to be loyal to our royal classroom:
I will be loyal to our royal classroom.
I will be loyal and follow the rules of the royal classroom.
I will toil to work hard in school.

Toil for the Royal King

The king and queen don’t have to toil.
They don’t have to toil in the soil.
We don’t want then to spoil their royal robes.
We will toil for the royal king and queen.
We will toil in the soil.
We will toil as we broil and boil their food.
Instead, we will spoil the royal king and queen.
At the end of our toil we will get a royal coin for all our toil.
We will get a royal coin for being loyal.

The Royal King Does Not Need to Toil

The royal king doesn’t have to toil.
Instead, the loyal servants toil for the king.
The servants toil in the soil to grow food.
They toil in the kitchen to boil and broil food.
The servants spoil the royal king.
The royal king gives the loyal servants royal coins for their toil.

Printouts

Standards

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1. CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RF.1.3.B: Decode regularly spelled one-syllable words.
2. CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RF.1.3.C: Know final -e and common vowel team conventions for representing long vowel sounds.

http://education.byu.edu/seel/library/