Toil to Clean a Toy


Read and write words spelled with the diphthongs oy and oi;

Recognize both spellings as having the same pronunciation.


Lesson Plan

See More

Target Words:

  • soil
  • choice
  • toil
  • coin
  • avoid
  • toy


  • Toy sock puppet with pig face attached (see below)
  • Dirt to soil the toys
  • Coins
  • Soap and water to clean the toys
  • Word blending cards (see below)
  • Toil to Clean a Toy target text (see below)

State and model the objective
Tell the children that they will toil to clean a toy and read and write words spelled with oi and oy. Introduce words spelled with oi and oy: soil, toil, avoid, choice, toy, joy, boy, annoy.

Practice the skill within an activity

  • Toil to clean soiled toys
    • Let the children get the toy pig (sock puppet) dirty while pretending to have the pig oink and roll in the soil (explain that soil is dirt).
    • Tell the children they have a choice to toil (explain that toil means to work hard) or pay a coin.
    • Have the children write toil or coin on a piece of paper to show their choice.
    • If the children write toil let them work to clean the toy pig.
    • If the children write coin let them pay a coin to have someone else clean the toy pig.
    • While children are cleaning the toys say, “Avoid getting dirt on your shirt. It’s annoying to have a soiled shirt.”
    • Once the toys are clean tell the children to enjoy playing with the toys.
    • Have the children make a list of words used throughout the activity with the diphthongs –oi and –oy (i.e., toy, annoy, enjoy, choice, toil, soil, coin, avoid, oink).
    • Comment that the words have the same pronunciation even though they are spelled differently.

Apply the skill

  • Phonological Awareness
    • Word Building:
      • With word blending cards (see below), have the children make new words by changing either of the consonants:
        • toil soil; toy joy; coin join
        • coin coil; oink oil
  • Read target words in texts (see below)
    • Engage the children in reading the target text Toil to Clean a Soiled Toy as a class/group.
    • Read the text again fading support.
    • Ask the children to listen for words with the oy/oi sound as you read the text together.
    • Have the children make a list of the words spelled with oy and oi.
  • Write about the activity using target words/patterns
    • Give each child a paper and pencil and let them write about what they did to clean a toy pig. Have them include these words: soil, toil, avoid, choice, toy, joy, boy, annoy.

SEEL Target Texts

See More

Toil to Clean a Toy

The toy pig said, “oink” and rolled in the soil.
Oh boy! What a dirty toy pig!
You have two choices to get rid of the soil on the toy.
With a lot of toil you can clean the soil off of the toy.
Or you can pay a coin to have someone else clean the toy.
Whatever your choice, avoid soiling your shirt with the dirty toy.
Look! No more soil!
Oh joy! Oh boy!
Now you can enjoy your toy!


SEEL At Home

See More

Read and write words spelled with the diphthongs oy and oi; recognize both spellings as having the same pronunciation.


  • Various toys
  • Sponges or washcloths
  • Coins (real or pretend)
  • Container for coins

Activity: A Coin for a Toy Wash

  • With your child, prepare to run a pretend toy wash (no water involved) for cleaning people's "soiled" toys by setting out a pile of toys, some sponges and/or washcloths, and a small container of coins,
  • Invite family members or friends to come pick a toy and a coin to bring to the pretend toy wash.
  • Take turns being the person who invites people and takes their coins and the person who pretends to wash the soiled toys, making comments like, "Only one coin for a toy wash!", "What a joy to clean a soiled toy!"
  • When you are done washing toys, ask your child to think of as many words that have the sound oi and oy as they can and help them write the words down (i.e., boy, toy, joy, toil, soil, oil)
  • Take turns pretending that the toys are reading the words on the list, adding silly voices for even more fun!


See More

1. CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RF.1.3.B: Decode regularly spelled one-syllable words.
2. CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RF.1.3.C: Know final -e and common vowel team conventions for representing long vowel sounds.