Slip and Slide on the Ice


Differentiate long-vowel patterns -ay and silent e from short-vowel words in texts.

Contrast short vowel words that end in -ck with long vowels words that end in silent e (e.g., –ike and –ake).


Lesson Plan

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Target Words:

  • ice
  • nice
  • drip
  • drop
  • wet
  • sun
  • fun
  • melt
  • slip
  • slide
  • nice
  • glide
  • skate



  • Ice cube, an ice pack or pictures of ice (see below)
  • Bowl used to slide and glide ice
  • Ice Skate Today? No Way! target text (see below)
  • Paper dolls (see below) to act out the text
  • Piece of white paper to represent a patch of ice for the dolls
  • Drops of water to represent a melted patch of ice for the dolls

State and model the objective

Tell the children that they will pretend to ice skate while they review short and long vowel words.

Model reading some long vowel and short vowel words in an intermingled list: slip, slide, hid, hide, trip, tip, drip, nice, glide, ice, etc.


Practice the skill within an activity

  • Describe ice
    • Show the children an ice cube, ice pack, or pictures of ice (see below) and experiment with sliding and gliding the ice around a bowl, giving each child a chance to feel the real (or pretend) ice.
    • Write a list together describing ice (e.g. cold, wet, melts, drips, slides, glides, slips, etc.)
    • Circle the words in the list with a short vowel sound
    • Underline the words in the list with a long vowel sound
    • Discuss any vowel patterns visible in the list (e.g. –ay, silent e, short i, etc.)
  • Pretend to Ice skate
    • Display the target text Ice Skate Today? No Way! (see below) large enough for the children to see.
    • Read the text together then have the children act it out.
      • Pretend that the sun is hiding and it’s cold enough and icy enough to skate, glide, and slide around the class
      • Pretend that the sun comes out and melts the ice so that the children begin to slip, trip, and watch the ice drip
      • Read the text again fading support
      • Have the children underline the words in the text with a long vowel (-ay and silent e patterns) and circle the words in the list with a short vowel
      • Discuss any vowel patterns visible in the text (e.g. long a with ay, silent e, short e, etc.)
      • Read the text again and let the children act it out using paper dolls (see graphics below) and a white piece of paper to represent a patch of ice
    • Let the dolls skate, glide, slide, etc. on the ice
      • Pretend the sun comes out and melts the ice (take away the sheet of paper and put drops of water to represent melted ice)
      • Let the dolls slip and trip; watch the ice drip


Apply the skill

  • Identify, blend and manipulate sounds
    • With word blending cards (see below), have the children make new words by changing the vowel or the consonants:
      • sun --> fun; wet --> get; drip --> trip; day --> way; ice --> nice; slide --> glide
      • drip --> drop; wet --> wit; glide --> glade; like --> lake
      • slid --> slide; hop --> hope; hid --> hide; rid --> ride; lid --> glide
      • wet --> web; trip --> trim; slide --> slime
  • Write about the activity using target words/patterns
    • Give each child a paper and pencil and have them write words from dictation: wet, sun, ice, nice, skate, way, day, glide, hide, slip, slide, drip, drop, came.
    • Engage the children in interactive writing about their experience by generating sentence frames and letting the children fill in target words and phrases by picking from options presented verbally or in writing. Have the children underline words in their sentences with long vowels and circle words with short vowels.
      • “I like to skate and…” (slide, glide, slip, flip)
      • “I cannot skate today because…” (the sun came out, the ice melted, I do not want to trip, I do not want to slip)
      • “Ice…” (is cold and wet, melts in the sun, can slip and slide, can drip and drop)


SEEL Target Texts

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Ice Skate Today? No Way!

Today is a cold day!
There is ice on the ground.
Skating on the ice would be nice!
But it would not be nice to slip or trip on the ice.
I want to slide and glide in my skates on the ice.
Oh no! The sun is out.
Ice melts in the sun and this cold day will slip away.
The ice melts into drips and drops.
I cannot skate today.
There is NO WAY!



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1. CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RF.1.3.B: Decode regularly spelled one-syllable words.
2. CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RF.1.3.C: Know final -e and common vowel team conventions for representing long vowel sounds.