Tip and Tap a Top

Objective

Read and write words with short vowels i, o, and a.

Lesson Plan

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Target Words:

  • tip
  • top
  • tap
  • twist
  • drop
  • slap
  • spin

Materials:

  • Bottle tops
  • Toy tops (optional)
  • A Bottle Top Can Be a Toy Top target text (see below)
  • Tip and Tap a Top target text (see below)
  • Tip and Spin a Top target text (see below)

Overview
Show the children a bottle cap and tell them that they will use it like a toy top. They will also read short vowel words like tip, top, tap, slap, and pat and spin and stop tops.
 
Practice the skill within an activity
Tap a top

  • Show the children a bottle top and demonstrate how to turn it into a toy top (tip the top and twist it to make it spin).
  • Arrange for the children to read the texts A Bottle Top Can Be a Toy Top, Tip and Tap a Top, and Tip and Spin a Top
  • Allow the children to play with the tops, commenting on the short vowel words:
    • Tip the top; twist and drop the top to make it spin 
    • Tap the top to make it stop; slap the top to make it stop; pat the top to make it stop
    • Pick a spot, then drop the top on the spot; pick a spot, then spin the top on that spot
  • Write the word top on the board and have the children change the letters to make it into a new word, such as tip, tap, slap, stop, or drop.

Apply the skill
Identify, blend and manipulate sounds

  • With letters placed on cards or bottle caps, have the children make new words by changing the vowel or either of the consonants:
    • tip → top, drop → drip, tick → tack, chip → chop, flip → flap, pot → pat
    • top → stop, trip → ship, snip → slip, snip → spin, tap → clap

Read target words and patterns introduced in the activity (see texts below)

  • Read the target text A Bottle Top Can be a Toy Top together as a class or a group. 
  • Read the text again, fading support.
  • Repeat with the target texts Tip and Spin a Top and Tip and Tap a Top.

Write about the activity using target words and patterns

  • Have the children write words from dictation: tip, top, tap, drop, stop, slap, pat, twist, and spin.
  • Using a whiteboard, have the children write words from dictation and then change one letter at a time to make new words:
    • Tip, top, tap, tan, tin, pin, spin, span, pan, pat, hat, hit, hot, hop, shop, stop, slop, slap, slip, slit, slot, spot
  • Have the child fill in incomplete sentences by picking from options presented verbally or in writing:
    • "I can make a top . . ." (tip, spin, twist, drop)
    • "My top will stop when I . . . (pat, slap, tap) the top.”
       

SEEL Target Texts

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Tip and Spin a Top

A cap can spin like a top.
A top can spin like a top.
Pick a spot.
Let the cap spin on the spot.
Let the top spin on the spot.
Spin and drop the top.
Did the top stop on the spot?

Tip and Tap a Top

Tip a top.
Twist and drop the top.
Watch the top spin.
 
Stop the top.
Tap, pat, or slap the top to make it stop.
Did the top stop?

Tip and Spin a Top

A cap can spin like a top.
A top can spin like a top.
Pick a spot.
Let the cap spin on the spot.
Let the top spin on the spot.
Spin and drop the top.
Did the top stop on the spot?

Tip and Tap a Top

Tip a top.
Twist and drop the top.
Watch the top spin.
 
Stop the top.
Tap, pat, or slap the top to make it stop.
Did the top stop?

A Bottle Top Can be a Toy Top

A bottle top can be a toy top.
 
Tip the top.
Spin the top.
Drop the top.
 
Slap the top.
Tap the top.
Make the top stop!

Standards

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1. CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RF.1.3.B: Decode regularly spelled one-syllable words.

2. CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RF.1.3.C: Know final -e and common vowel team conventions for representing long vowel sounds.

http://education.byu.edu/seel/library/