Tote Oats to Goats


Read and write words with two long o spellings: -oa and silent e; recognize both spellings as having the same pronunciation

Lesson Plan

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Target Words:

  • boat
  • float
  • goat
  • coat
  • oat
  • oat


  • Toy goats or pictures of goats labeled spotted, little, white, black (see graphics below)
  • Toy boat or folded paper boat (see instructions below for folding a paper boat) 
  • Oats 
  • A tote or any bag turned into a tote by attaching cloth or paper straps
  • Small pan of water
  • Notepaper for writing notes and votes
  • Notes to Put in Totes idea list (see below)
  • Vote For a Goat to Float in a Boat target text (see below)
  • Tote Oats to Goats target text (see below)
  • Word blending cards (see below)

State and model the objective
Tell the children they will play with boats and totes. Explain that boat and tote both have the long o sound but they are spelled differently. List words that end with -ote and -oat on the board: boat, goat, float, note, vote, tote.

Practice the skill within an activity

Take a pretend trip on a boat with a goat using actions and large motor gestures  

  • Pretend to tote a boat to a pond, river, or stream (explain that tote means to carry).
  • Tote the boat to where it can float.
  • Tote goats to the boat and put some goats in the boat.
  • Stop putting goats in the boat so the boat will float and not sink.
  • Get in the boat but don't knock the goats out of the boat.
  • Float (sway) in the boat, but don't rock the boat so it can stay afloat.

Let a toy or paper goat eat oats as he floats on a boat

  • Put a toy boat or a folded paper boat (see pattern below) in a small pan of water.
  • Line up toy goats or pictures of goats (see graphics).
  • Vote for the goat that gets to go on the boat and float on the boat.
  • Have the children use note-paper to vote or write a note to tell which goat gets to float (e.g. "I vote for the fat goat." "I vote for the black goat?" etc.)  
  • Count the votes, and let the goat with the most votes float on the boat.
  • Let the children take turns giving the goat on a boat some oats.
  • Put some oats or oat groats in the boat so the goat can eat oats as he floats in the boat.
  • Put some oats in the water to see if they will float.

Put notes in a tote

  • Let the children write or select notes to put in a tote (see Notes to Put in Totes idea list below)
  • Tote the notes around in a tote and shake the tote to mix up the notes
  • Pull notes out of the tote and guess who put the note in the tote

Apply the skill

Identify, blend and manipulate sounds

  • With word blending cards (see below), have the children make new words by changing the consonants:
    • oat → goat, boat → float, moat → coat, throat → gloat
    • tote → note, wrote → quote, vote → tote
    • oat → oak, goat → goal, note → nope, wrote → write

Read target words/patterns in a text (see below)

  • Read the target text Vote For a Goat to Float in a Boat together as a class/group. 
  • Read the text again fading support.
  • Have the children underline the words that end with -oat then repeat with words that end with -ote.
  • Repeat with the target text Tote Oats to Goats.

Write about the activity using target words/patterns

  • Give each child a paper and pencil and have them write words from dictation: boat, float, goat, vote, note, coat, oat, tote, wrote, float, moat, bloat, throat, quote.
  • Engage the children in interactive writing about their experience by generating sentence frames and letting the children fill in target words and phrases by picking from options presented verbally or in writing. If time allows, let children write their sentences on note paper then put the notes in totes or give them to goats:
    • "I saw a..." (boat float, goat on a boat, note in a tote)
    • "I like to..." (give oats to a goat, vote for the best goat)
    • "I can tote..." (a goat to a boat, some oats to a goat)

SEEL Target Texts

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Tote Oats to Goats

Put oats in a tote.
Carry the oats in the tote to a goat.
Let the goat eat the oats.
Goats will eat anything so be careful!
Don't let the goat eat the tote!
Don't let the goat eat your coat!

Vote for a Goat to Float in a Boat

Have you ever seen a goat float? 
A goat float? 
Yes, a goat can float on a boat! 
Vote for the goat that will go on the boat.
Write a note to tell which goat gets to float.
Put the goat with the most votes on the boat.
Put some oats in the boat.
See if the boat will float with the goat and some oats.
See if the goat will eat the oats as he floats in the boat.



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1. CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RF.1.3.B: Decode regularly spelled one-syllable words.

2. CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RF.1.3.C: Know final -e and common vowel team conventions for representing long vowel sounds.