Tote Notes and Boats in a Tote Bag

Tote Notes and Boats in a Tote Bag
Target text


Read and write words with two long o spellings: -oa and silent e.

See Standards

Lesson Plan

Target Words:

  • oat
  • boat
  • goat
  • tote
  • note
  • moat
  • float


  • Oats
  • Plastic sandwich bags or paper sacks
  • Bags and strips of cloth or paper to be straps for totes 
  • Stapler
  • Small pan of water
  • Toy goat or pictures of goats* 
  • Toy boat or folded paper boat*
  • Instructions for folded paper boat*
  • Will It Float? target text*
  • Tote Oats to Goats target text*
  • Word-building cards*

*Items included below.

State and Model the Objective
Tell the children that they will float boats and tote oats to goats and will read and write words with the two different long o spellings -oa and o_e, such as boat, goat, oat, note, and tote.

Literacy Activities
List -oa and o_e words

  • Explain that boat and vote both have the long o sound, but they are spelled differently. 
  • List words that end with -ote and -oat on a word wall (e.g., oat, boat, coat, float, moat, goat vote, tote, note, wrote). 

Make a boat out of a note

  • Let the children write notes using -ote and -oat words from the word wall. 
  • Let the children fold the note into a paper boat by following the instructions (found below)


  • Let the children fold a boat using their own ideas.
  • Put the boats in a pan of water to see if a boat made out of a note will float.

Make a tote for paper boats

  • Let each child make straps on a tote bag by stapling strips of paper or cloth to a plastic or paper bag.
  • Put boats made out of notes in the totes. 
  • Tell the children they will tote boats and notes in their tote bags.
  • Comment on how the word tote can mean a type of bag or to carry something.
  • Let all the children have a tote parade where they tote notes and boats in their totes.

Take a pretend trip on a boat with a goat 

  • Set the pan of water on the one side of the room and set the picture of a moat (found below) in the middle of the room.
  • Tote a boat across the moat and to a pond (pan of water) where the boat can float.
  • Tote the pictures of goats (found below) to the boat and put some goats on the boat.
  • See if the boat with goats will float.

Give oats to goats

  • Put some oats in the boat so the goat can eat oats as he floats in the boat.
  • Put some oats in the water to see if the oats will float too.

More Practice
Identify, blend, and manipulate sounds
With word-building cards (found below), have the children make new words by changing the consonant(s):

  • Change the beginning consonant(s) of -oat words: oatgoat, boatfloat, moatcoat, throatgloat
  • Change the beginning consonant(s) of -ote words: totenote, wrotequote, votetote
  • Change the ending consonant: oatoak, goatgoal, notenope

Read target words in a text 

  • Read the target text Will It Float? (found below) as a group. 
  • Read the text again, fading support.
  • Have the children underline words that end in -oat and -ote.
  • Repeat with Tote Oats to Goats (found below).

Write about the activity using target words

  • Let the children write -oa words from dictation (e.g., boat, float, goat, coat, oat, moat, bloat, throat).
  • Have the children write -ote words from dictation (e.g., vote, note, wrote, tote).
  • Engage the children in interactive writing using their list of -oat words. 
  • Let the children use their list of -oa and -ote words to complete the sentences below to make a note to put in a tote to then tote to a goat.
    •  "I saw a . . . " (boat float, goat on a boat, note in a tote)
    • "I like to . . ." (give oats to a goat, make paper boats)
    • "I can tote . . ." (a goat to a boat, some oats to a goat)
Read More

SEEL Target Texts

Tote Oats to Goats

Put oats in a tote.
Carry the oats in the tote to a goat.
Let the goat eat the oats.
Goats will eat lots of things!
Don't let the goat eat the tote!
Don't let the goat eat your coat!
Just let the goat eat oats. 

Goats Float in Boats

Have you ever seen a goat float? 
A goat float? 
Yes, a goat can float in a boat!
A goat can not float without a boat.
Can a tote bag float?
A tote bag may float for a little bit.
A tote bag cannot float for long. 
Read More



SEEL lessons align with Common Core Standards. Please see the standards page for the code(s) associated with this lesson.