Associate the letter A (and lowercase a) with the short /a/ sound as in mat, can, and sat.
- Flat mat graphic*
- Picture cards*
- Word cards*
- Letter cards*
- Paper hat instructions*
- Word blending cards*
- Writing practice*
- A Flat Mat and A Flat Hat target text *
*Items included below.
State and Model the Objective
Tell the children that they will use a flat mat to make words and say the /a/ sound in words with the short a sound such as van, cat, flat, and mat.
Make words on a flat mat
- Show the children the flat mat graphic.
- Let the children choose a picture card to put at the top of the flat mat.
- Help the children to say the sounds in the word, then have them choose letters from the word blending cards that match the sounds (e.g., b + a + t = bat).
- Have the children order the letter cards below the picture to make the word.
- Repeat the activity using the other picture cards.
- Point out that each word has the letter A which makes the /a/ sound.
Put word cards in flat hat
- Fill a mat (sheet of paper) with word cards.
- Take the words off the flat mat one at a time and point out the letter A, emphasizing that it makes the /a/ sound.
- Place each word in a hat or in a folded paper hat then smash the folded paper hat pattern to make it flat.
- Take the words out of the flat hat and put them back on the flat mat.
- Emphasize the /a/ sound throughout the activity.
Identify the target letter and associated sound in a text
- Read the target text A Flat Mat and A Flat Hat together with the children.
- Read the text again fading support.
- Have the children underline the letter A in the words and as they make the /a/ sound.
Identify, blend and manipulate sounds
- Have children identify the beginning, middle, and ending sounds of words by tapping their head (beginning), their shoulders (middle) and toes (end). For example: cat = c (tap head) + a (tap shoulders + t (tap toes).
- sat = s + a + t
- can= c + a + n
- rag = r + a + g
- tab = t + a + b
- With word blending letter cards, have the children make new words by changing the vowel or either of the consonants:
- Change the beginning sound: pet → net; red → bed
- Change the ending sound: vat → van; hat → ham; tag → tap
- Change the middle sound: cat → cut; tag → tug; mat → met; vat → vet; ham → hum
Write the target letter
- Have the children write words from dictation, changing one letter at a time to make a new word:
- man → tan → tin → pin → pig → big → bag → bat → bit → sat → fat → fan → ran → rat.
SEEL Target Texts
A Flat Mat and A Flat Hat
We put a cat on the flat mat.
We put a rat on the flat mat.
We put a bag on the flat mat.
We put a tag on the flat mat.
Then we got a fat hat.
We put the word bat in the fat hat.
We put the word map in the fat hat.
We put the word pan in the fat hat.
We put the word man in the fat hat.
And we got to smash the fat hat to make it flat.
1. CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RF.K.1.D: Recognize and name all upper and lower case letters in the alphabet.
2. CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RF.K.3.A: Demonstrate basic knowledge of one-to-one letter-sound correspondences by producing the primary sound or many of the most frequent sounds for each consonant.
A on a Flat Mat