Chip and Chop


Associate the letters ch with the /ch/ sound as in chop, cheese, chocolate.

Lesson Plan

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Target Words:

  • chop
  • chip
  • chunk
  • cheese
  • chocolate
  • chip


  • Real items to chip or chop (i.e., chips, plain chocolate bar, chunk of cheese, Cheerios)
    • Substitutes: cardstock paper "chocolate bar" cut into "chips"; playdoh to chop
  • Plastic knife
  • Picture/Food cards (see below)
  • Word blending cards (see below)

State and model the objective
Tell the children they will chip and chop different things while they practice saying the /ch/ sound in words that start with the letters ch, such as chop, chip, cheese, and chunk.

Practice the skill within an activity 
Chop and chip chunks

  • Write the letters ch on the board and explain that the letters c and h spelled together make the /ch/ sound.
  • Tell the children that they can hear the /ch/ sound in chop, chunks, and chip.
  • Show the children items that begin with /ch/ (e.g., chips, chunk of cheese, chocolate, Cheerios).
  • Explain that chopping is when we cut something into chunks or pieces, and chipping is when we cut off small pieces called chips.
  • Demonstrate how to chop a piece off of a chunk of cheese (or playdough) and how to chip off small pieces from the chocolate bar (or a piece of cardstock colored like a chocolate bar, already cut into little "chips") using a plastic knife.
  • Let the children take turns chipping and chopping real or pretend items that begin with the /ch/ sound.
  • Make a list of the words from the activity that begin with /ch/ (e.g., chip, chop, chunks, cheese, chocolate, Cheerio).
  • Have the children circle the letters ch in each word and ask them to produce the /ch/ sound each time they circle the letters.

Apply the skill
Play 'Choose Ch' (‘Go Fish’ for ch words)

  • Have the children circle the letters ch in the words on each picture card (see below) and emphasize that the letters c and h spelled together make the /ch/ sound.
  • Demonstrate how children can use picture cards to find words that begin with ch.
    • Shuffle the picture cards and help the children pass out the cards, distributing them equally between four players.
    • Hold the cards so friends can’t see (place them in one hand with the cards facing away from others).
    • Lay down any pairs of cards they have in their hand.
    • Take turns picking a card from the other player to make pairs (lay pairs face up on the floor) or skip a turn if a pair was not possible.
  • Explain that the first child to lay down all of their matches and get rid of all of their cards is the winner and says “Cheer for /ch/!”

Identify, blend and manipulate sounds

  • With word blending cards (see below), have the children make new words by changing the vowel or either of the consonants:
    • chip → chin → chick
    • chip → chop; chomp → chimp

Write words with the target letter

  • Let the children write chip and chop on a piece of paper then allow them to pretend to chop the words with a plastic knife.



See More

1. CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RF.K.1.D: Recognize and name all upper and lower case letters in the alphabet.
2. CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RF.K.3.A: Demonstrate basic knowledge of one-to-one letter-sound correspondences by producing the primary sound or many of the most frequent sounds for each consonant.