Y Yellow Yak


Associate the uppercase letter and the lowercase letter with the /y/ sound as in yum, yak, and yarn.

Lesson Plan

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Target Words:

  • yellow
  • yak
  • yarn


  • Large piece of yellow paper (to be Yellow Yak’s yard) (optional)
  • Picture cards
  • Yellow yarn cut into long and short pieces for making the letter Y
  • Yellow Yak graphic
  • Yellow crayons
  • Glue or tape

Tell the children they will help Yellow Yak find things beginning with the letter Y and they will practice saying the /y/ sound in words with the letter Y (and lowercase y) such as yo-yo, yes, and yellow.

Literacy Activities
Help Yellow Yak

  • Show the children the Yak graphic and explain that he loves having things in his yard, but he only says, “Yes!” to things beginning with the /y/ sound.
  • Have the children choose a picture card one at a time and help them read the word on the card.
  • If the word on the card begins with the /y/ sound, have the children say, “Yes!” and place it by the yellow yak. If it begins with a different sound, have them say, “No!” and discard it.

Make a Y with yellow yarn

  • Write yellow yarn on the board and have the children circle the letter Y at the beginning of each word.
  • Emphasize that the letter Y makes the /y/ sound.
  • Help the children make an uppercase Y and lowercase y using long and short pieces of yellow yarn.
  • Glue or tape the pieces of yarn together and allow the children to place their yellow yarn Y letters by the yak.

More Practice
Identify the target sound in words

  • Make a list of the words that begin with the letter Y (i.e., yak, yes, yolk, yet, yuck, you).
  • Help the children identify the beginning and rhyme ending sounds of each word on the list by tapping their head for the beginning sound of the word and toes for the rest of the word (e.g., yak = /y/ tap head and /ak/ tap toes).
  • Point out that all of the words have the /y/ sound at the beginning of the word and start with the letter Y.

Write the target letter

  • Give the children the yak picture and have them write the uppercase letter Y all over the yak with a yellow crayon.
  • Have the children write the lowercase letter y all over his yard (under the yak’s feet) to make it yellow.


SEEL At Home

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Associate the Y (and lowercase y) with the /y/ sound (e.g., yak, yellow, yoke).


  • Yak graphic and picture cards
  • Yellow crayon or marker

Activity: Yellow Yak

  • Designate an area on the floor to be Yellow Yak's yard (you may mark it off with tape, string, or a large sheet of paper if desired). 
  • Take turns turning over a picture card and help your child read the word on the card. 
  • If the word begins with the /y/ sound say, "Yes!" and place it in Yak's yard. If it does not begin with the /y/ sound say, "No!" and place it outside of Yak's yard.
  • Help your child write the uppercase letter Y (and lowercase y) several times on a sheet of paper.
  • Let your child place the Y paper in the yak's yard.
  • Have your child find the letter Y in the word yellow on a crayon or marker. 
  • Allow your child to color the yak using the yellow crayon or marker.
  • The activity can be repeated several times.



See More

1. CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RF.K.1.D: Recognize and name all upper and lower case letters in the alphabet.
2. CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RF.K.3.A: Demonstrate basic knowledge of one-to-one letter-sound correspondences by producing the primary sound or many of the most frequent sounds for each consonant.