Make a Cap and Wrap a Cap


Blend a beginning consonant or consonant blend with -ap to make words such as cap, flap, snap, and strap.

Lesson Plan

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Target Words:

  • cap
  • wrap
  • scrap
  • flap
  • snap
  • strap


  • Cap pattern graphic
  • Scraps of paper and cloth
  • Word blending cards 
  • How to make a cap instructions
  • Where is My Cap? target text 
  • Let's Wrap a Cap! target text 
  • Caps for Sale by Esphyr Slobodkina (1987, HarperCollins) (optional) 

The children will wrap caps as they add sounds to the -ap ending to make words such as cap, snap, flap, scrap, and wrap.

Literacy Activities

Make caps

  • Read the story Caps for Sale by Esphyr Slobodkina (optional).
  • Give the children the cap pattern and have them label the parts of the cap by writing cap, snap, or flap on the corresponding parts.
  • Demonstrate how to make a cap using a scrap of paper (or fabric): 
    • Cut out the parts of the cap pattern.
      • Snap (staple) the two sides of the slit to form the cap.
      • Attach the straps and snaps with the stapler. Repeat the word "snap" each time you use the stapler to snap on a strap or snap to the cap.

Make a cap out of scraps

  • Cut out circles from scraps of paper or cloth and cut a slit from an outside edge to the center.
    • Snap (staple) the two sides of the slit to form the cap.
    • Make straps and flaps out of scraps of paper or cloth to snap onto the caps made out of scraps.

Wrap a cap and pass a cap

  • Let the children wrap the caps in scraps of paper or cloth.
  • Play a "pass the cap" game with children.
  • Have the children sit in a circle and take turns passing a paper cap.
  • As children get the cap, have them say a new word that ends in -ap by changing the beginning sound. Have the children write each new word on the paper cap.

More Practice
Identify, blend and manipulate sounds

  • With word blending cards, have the children make new words by changing the vowel or either of the consonants:
    • Change the beginning sound(s): cap → tap; lap → nap; snap → flap
    • Change the vowel: flap → flip; snap → snip; cap → cop
    • Change the ending sound: cap → cat; rap → rag; tap → tan

Read target words in a text

  • Read the target text Where Is My Cap? together with the group. 
  • Have the children underline the words that end in -ap.
  • Repeat with the target text Let's Wrap a Cap!

Write about the activity using target words

  • Give each child a whiteboard and have them write words from dictation, changing one or two letters each time to make a new word: sap → nap → snap → snip → lip → lap → cap → cat → rat → rap → tap.

SEEL Target Texts

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Let's Wrap a Cap

Let's wrap a cap!
Get a scrap of paper.
Put the paper in your lap.
Put a cap on the scrap of paper.
Flap the paper over the cap.
Make another flap.
It's a snap!
Put the cap wrapped in a scrap in your lap.
It's a snap to wrap a cap!

Where Is My Cap

Where is my cap?
Have you seen my cap?
My cap has a strap.
Where is my cap with a strap?
My cap has flaps.
Have you seen my cap with flaps and a strap?
My cap has snaps.
Where is my cap with snaps, flaps, and a strap?
I see my cap!
I love my cap with snaps, flaps, and a strap.


SEEL At Home

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Blend a beginning consonant or consonant blend with -ap to make words such as cap, flap, snap, and strap.


  • Cap pattern graphic
  • Scrap of fabric or paper, scissors, stapler or tape, pencil

Activity: Make a Cap

  • Help your child make a cap with flaps and straps out of scrap fabric or paper.
  • Using the cap graphic as a pattern, cut a circle of fabric or paper. Cut a slit to the center of the circle and wrap the fabric or paper to make a shallow cone (cap).
  • Cut two half circle flaps and attach them to both sides of the cap.
  • Cut two straps of fabric or paper and attach them to the cap.
  • Say phrases with the -ap words as you work together (e.g.; Snap a flap to the cap.).
  • Play a game with the cap in which one person puts the cap on their head. The person with the cap will say only the beginning sound of an -ap word and the other person must quickly say the -ap ending. Take turns wearing the cap.
  • Have your child change the /c/ in cap to /t/ then blend the new sound with the -ap ending to make the word tap. Repeat with other words (e.g., rap, sap, lap, gap, nap).
  • The activity can be repeated several times. 



See More

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RF.K.3.D: Distinguish between similarly spelled words by identifying the sounds of the letters that differ.

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RF.K.2.C: Blend and segment onsets and rimes of single-syllable spoken words.