Tap and Rap on a Drum
Blend a beginning consonant or consonant blend with -ap to make words such as rap, tap, snap, and flap.
- Drums or containers to use as drums
- Drumsticks or pencils
- Word cards
- -ap and consonant letter cards
- Letter cards
- Tap, Slap, Flap target text
The children will tap on drums and clap to make music as they add sounds to the -ap ending to make words such as tap, rap, clap, snap and flap.
Tap and rap on a drum
- Have a child tap and rap on a drum (or use a container as a drum) with a drumstick (or pencil).
- Let the other children snap and clap to the rhythm of the beat of the drum.
- Allow the children to take turns tapping and rapping on the drum or snapping and clapping to make music.
- Have the children take apart words by tapping on the drum once for each sound in the following words: cap, lap, map, nap, rap, sap, tap, zap, snap.
Tap word cards
- Read the Tap, Slap, Flap target text with the children.
- Spread out the word cards and read the text again, allowing the children to use the cards to act out the text.
Blend target words
- Mix up the word cards, then draw the words one at a time and say the individual sounds of the word.
- Have the children guess the word on the card by blending the sounds together.
Identify, blend and manipulate sounds
- Have half of the children tape -ap cards on their shirts and half of the children tape consonant cards (e.g., t).
- Let the children walk around the classroom to find their pair and create a word (t + -ap = tap).
- When all the children have found a pair, have each pair explain how they made their word by having the child with the consonant card pronounce their letter and the child with the -ap pronounce their ending.
- Then have both children say their full word.
- Repeat the activity.
Create new words
- With letter cards, have the children make new words by changing the vowel or either of the consonants:
- Change the beginning sound: cap → map; map → rap; rap → tap
- Change the ending sound: cap → cat; map → man; rap → rat; tap → tan
- Change the middle sound: cap → cup; map → mop; rap → rip; tap → top
SEEL Target Texts
Tap, Slap, Flap
Tap the word "lap."
Slap the word "strap."
Slap the word "nap."
Flap the word "zap."
Flap the word "yap."
CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RF.K.3.D: Distinguish between similarly spelled words by identifying the sounds of the letters that differ.
CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RF.K.2.C: Blend and segment onsets and rimes of single-syllable spoken words.
Tap and Rap on a Drum