Hop Hop Stop


Blend a beginning consonant or consonant blend with -op to make words such as hop, stop, and drop.

Lesson Plan

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Target Words:

  • stop
  • hop
  • plop
  • top
  • pop
  • drop


  • Action cards (see below)
  • Stop sign (see below)
  • Word blending cards (see below)
  • We Got to Hop target text (see below)

State and model the objective 
Tell the children they will play a game called "Hop, Hop, Stop!" while they add sounds to the -op ending to make words such as hop, pop, top, and stop.

Practice the skill within an activity

Play "Hop, Hop, Stop!"

  • Read the words on each of the action cards (see below) and the stop sign to the children, emphasizing the process of blending the beginning sound(s) with the -op ending as you read each word. 
  • Choose a child to pick an action card and another child to hold the stop sign at the front of the class.
  • Have the child read the action card (support as needed) and then invite the other children to do the action as described below:
    • pretend to mop the floor
    • flop their arms
    • bop head up and down
    • drop to the floor
    • hop on one foot
    • pretend to do karate chops
  • Have all of the children perform that action until the child holding the stop sign holds it up and yells, "stop!"
  • Repeat the activity, letting all of the children take turns picking action cards and holding the stop sign.

Apply the skill (choose from the following) 

Read target words in a text (see below)

  • Read the target text We Got to Hop together as a class/group. 
  • Read the text again fading support.
  • Have the children underline the words that end in -op.

Blend, segment, and spell

  • With word blending cards (see below), have the children make new words by changing the vowel or either of the consonants:
    • Change the beginning sound: hop → top; mop → pop; cop → bop
    • Change the ending sound: pop → pot; mop → mob; slop → slot
    • Change the middle sound: hop → hip; chop → chap; flop → flip

Write about the activity using target words

  • Give each child a whiteboard and have them write words from dictation, changing the beginning letter(s) each time to make a new word
    • mop → bop → hop → top → flop → drop → chop → stop

SEEL Target Texts

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We Can Hop

We can hop, hop, hop.
We can bop, bop, bop.
We can chop, chop, chop.
We can flop, flop, flop.
We can pop, pop, pop.
Now we can drop!


SEEL At Home

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Change the initial sound in -op words to make new words 
(e.g., change the /h/ in hop to a /p/ to make pop).


  • Action cards and stop sign (see below)

Activity: Hop, Hop, Stop!

  • Let your child choose an action card. Help him or her read the word on the card. Emphasize the process of blending the beginning sound(s) with the -op ending to read the word.
  • Perform the action together several times then hold up the stop sign.
  • Repeat the activity, taking turns choosing an action and holding up the stop sign.
  • Help your child write one or two sentences about the -op things he or she did (e.g., I did a karate chop. I got to hop. I like to bop. I had to stop.).
  • Have your child underline the -op words in each sentence and circle the letters that come before the -op.
  • The activity can be repeated several times.action-cards-and-stop-sign


See More

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RF.K.3.D: Distinguish between similarly spelled words by identifying the sounds of the letters that differ.

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RF.K.2.C: Blend and segment onsets and rimes of single-syllable spoken words.