Read and write words that begin with –ack.
- Rectangles of white paper
- Black crayons or markers
- Snacks to stack, pack and crack (e.g. pretzels, graham crackers)
- Letter cards (see below)
- Word cards (see below)
- Make a Snack Sack target text (see below)
- Stack, Pack and Smack target text (see below)
State and Model the Objective
Tell the children they will make black sacks to pack a snack and read and write words that end in -ack, such as: snack, pack, sack, stack, and black.
Practice the skill within an activity
Make a black snack sack
- Give the children white rectangles of paper. Show them how to fold the papers in half and then fold and tape (or staple) two of the three remaining sides so one side remains open to make a sack.
- Give the children black crayons or markers and help them write black sack on the sack they made.
- Encourage the children to color the rest of their snack sack black.
- Have the children read the -ack word cards (see below) then pack the cards in their black sack.
Stack and pack a snack
- Ask the children to unpack, read and stack the -ack word cards (see below).
- Give the children some snacks (e.g. pretzels, graham crackers).
- Have the children stack the snacks.
- Tell the children to pack the snacks in the black snack sacks they created in the last activity.
- Ask the children to try to crack one of their snacks and put the pieces in their snack sack.
- Invite the children to smack their snack sack, and then they can eat the snack in their sack.
Apply the Skill
Identify, blend and manipulate sounds
- Let the children make a target word (e.g. pan) from letter cards (see below) and then let them make different words by changing either of the consonants or the vowel.
- Change the beginning sound(s): pack → tack; stack → rack; snack → back
- Change the vowel sound: pack → peck; tack → tick; sack → sock
- For each of the words the children make, have them produce the sounds for each letter and then blend those sounds back into the word.
Read target words in a text
- Read the Make a Snack Sack target text (see below) to the children.
- Engage the children in reading the text simultaneously with you.
- Read the text again, fading support.
- Have the children underline the words that end in -ack in the text.
- Repeat with the Stack, Pack and Smack target text (see below), if desired.
Write about the activity using target words/patterns
- Have the children use a whiteboard to write words from dictation, changing one or two letters each time to make a new word (e.g., back → pack → sack → sick → sit → lit → lick → lack → rack → rock.
- Help the children write a sentence about a snack (e.g., “I like my snack.” “My snack is in a black sack.”).
SEEL Target Texts
Make a Snack Sack
It’s a snack we can stack.
It’s a snack we can pack.
We lack a sack where we can pack the snack.
Let’s make a black snack sack.
Stack, Pack, and Smack
Let’s pack a snack that can stack.
Let’s pack a snack that can crack.
Let’s stack and pack a snack in our sack.
We can give the sack a smack
And hear the snack crack.
Now the snacks can’t stack.
But we can still eat the snack in the sack.
CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RF.K.3.B: Associate the long and short sounds with the common spellings (graphemes) for the five major vowels.
CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RF.K.2.D: Isolate and pronounce the initial, medial vowel, and final sounds (phonemes) in three-phoneme (consonant-vowel-consonant, or CVC) words. (This does not include CVCs ending with /l/, /r/, or /x/.)