tip top

Tip Top
Target text


Read and write words with short i and short o.

See Standards

Lesson Plan

Target Words:

  • tip
  • top
  • tap
  • drip
  • drop
  • snip
  • snap



  • Water
  • Cup
  • Sponge or cloth
  • Flip flops graphic 
  • Ship graphic 
  • Money graphic 
  • Old bar of soap (or some other object to chip and chop)
  • Plastic knife
  • Drip Drop target text 
  • Clip Clop target text

State and Model the Objective
The children will play with make words by changing the short vowel and list pairs of words that have different short vowel sounds, such as tip, top; drip, drop; clip, clop; hip, hop; ship, shop; sip, sop; slip, slop; flip, flop; and chip, chop.
Literacy Activities
Play with words

  • Demonstrate changes in meaning as you change the vowel in a word to make a new word.
  • Within the following activities, have children write the target word on the board and then change the vowel to make a new word:
    • Drip, drop—drip and drop water into a cup
    • Sip, sop—sip water then sop up water spills 
    • Slip, slop—pretend to slip and slop (spill) some water on the ground
    • Clip, clop—pretend to be horses and clip clop 
    • Hip, hop—pretend to be rabbits that go hip hop 
    • Flip, flop—pretend to be a fish out of water and flip and flop back into the water 
    • Flip, flop—pretend to flip and flop pancakes 
    • Flip flop (sandals)—cut out the flip flops graphic and let some children try to walk in the flip flops
    • Ship, shop—pretend to take a ship trip to a shop to buy flip flops
    • Tip, top—reach up high to put an object on the tip top shelf
    • Chip, chop—provide an object (an old piece of soap or an apple) that can be chipped and chopped up with a dull knife

More Practice
Identify, Blend and manipulate sounds

  • With letters placed on cards or bottle caps, have the children make new words by changing the vowel or either of the consonants:
    • tip → top, drip → drop, chip → chop, flip → flop, tick → tock, sift → soft
    • top → stop, trip → ship, snip → slip, snip → spin

Read target words/patterns introduced in the activity 

  • Read the target text Drip Drop together as a class. 
  • Read the text again, fading support.
  • Have the children underline the short i words then repeat with short o words
  • Repeat with the text Clip Clop.

Write about the activity using target words and patterns

  • Have the children write words from dictation: tip, top; drip, drop; clip, clop; hip, hop; ship, shop; sip, sop; slip slop; flip, flop; and chip, chop.
  • Let the children write a word from dictation and then change one letter at a time to make a new word:
    • tip, top, tap, tan, tin, pin, pan, pat, sat, sit, hit, hot, hop, shop, stop, slop, slap, slip
  •  Have the children fill in incomplete sentences by picking from options presented verbally or in writing:
    • "I can play in water and ___ (e.g., drip drop, sip sop, slip slop)."
    • "I like to pretend to ___ (e.g., clip clop like a horse, hip hop like a bunny, shop for a ship)."
Read More

SEEL Target Texts

Clip Clop

Clip clop, clip clop like a horse.
Hip hop, hip hop like a rabbit.
Flip flop, flip flop like a fish.
Clip clop, hip hop, and flip flop.
Have fun clipping and clopping, hipping and hopping, and flipping and flopping like animals.

Drip Drop

Drip and drop and play with water.
Drip and drop water into a cup.
Drip and drop water onto the floor.
Sip water.
Slop water.
Drip and drop and sip and slop water.
Oh no!
The floor is wet from the drips, drops, and slops.
Do not slip!
Sop up the water from the drips and drops and sips and slops.
Sop up water and do not slip!
Read More



SEEL lessons align with Common Core Standards. Please see the standards page for the code(s) associated with this lesson.