Make a Cap

Objective

Read and write words that end in –ap.

Lesson Plan

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Target Words:

  • cap
  • wrap
  • scrap
  • flap
  • snap
  • strap

Materials:

  • Cap pattern with snaps and straps (see below)
  • Scraps of paper and cloth
  • Sticky notes or small pieces of paper
  • Word cards (see below)
  • Make a Cap target text (see below)
  • Let’s Wrap a Cap target text (see below)
  • Book: Caps for Sale by Esphyr Slobodkina (Harper Collins, 1987) (optional)

State and model the objective

Tell the children they will wrap caps and read and write words ending with –ap, such as cap, snap, flap, scrap, and tap.

Practice the skill within an activity

Make caps

  • Show the children the cap pattern (see below) and demonstrate how to make a cap using a scrap of paper (or fabric):
    • OPTION 1: Cut out the parts of the cap pattern (see below).
      • Overlap and staple the two sides of the slit together to form the cap, repeating the word “snap” each time you use the stapler.
      • Attach the straps and snaps to the cap with the stapler.
    • OPTION 2: Cut out circles from scraps of paper or cloth and cut a slit to the center.
      • Snap (staple) the two sides of the slit to form the cap.
      • Make straps and flaps out of scraps of paper or cloth to snap onto the caps.
  • Have the children write –ap words (e.g., flap, strap, snap, cap) on sticky notes or small pieces of paper and attach the words to the cap.

Wrap a cap and wrap –ap words

  • Let the children wrap the caps in scraps of paper or cloth.
  • Cut out the word cards (see below) and place them in a real cap or one of the paper/cloth caps.
  • Have the children choose the word cards one at a time and help them read the word on the card.
  • Let the children wrap each word in a scrap of paper or cloth.

Apply the skill

Read target words in a text

  • Read the target text Make a Cap? (see below) together with the children.
  • Have the children underline the words that end in –ap.
  • Repeat with the target texts We Can Make a Cap and Let’s Wrap a Cap! (see below).

Write about the activity using target words/patterns

  • Give the children a paper and pencil and have them write words from dictation: cap, snap, tap, gap, nap, rap, lap.
  • Engage the children in writing about their experience. Review target words and phrases from the activities then present sentence frame, sentence completion, gestural, or question prompts incorporating target words and phrases. Provide verbal or written options if needed.
    • Examples of sentence completion prompts:
      • I have a _____ (cap) with _____ (snaps), _____ (straps), and _____ (flaps).
      • I can wrap my _____ (cap) in a _____ (scrap) of cloth.

SEEL Target Texts

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We Can Make a Cap

We can make a cap.
We snap a flap onto the cap.
We snap a strap onto the cap.
We snap some snaps onto the cap.
 
Now the cap has a flap, a strap, and some snaps.
 

Make a Cap

Make a cap with a scrap of paper.
Make a flap and snap the flap shut!
 
Put flaps, straps, and snaps on the cap.
Snap flaps on the cap. 
Snap straps on the cap.
Snap snaps on the straps.
The cap has flaps, straps, and snaps!
 

Let's Wrap a Cap

Let’s wrap a cap!
Get a scrap of paper.
Put the paper in your lap.
Put a cap on the scrap of paper.
Flap the paper over the cap.
Make another flap.
It’s a snap!
Put the cap wrapped in a
scrap in your
lap.
It’s a snap to wrap a cap!

Printouts

SEEL At Home

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Print

Objective 
Read and write words that end in –ap.

Materials

  • Cap pattern (see below)
  • Scrap of fabric or paper

Activity: Make a Cap

  • Help your child make a cap with flaps and straps out of scrap fabric or paper:

    • Using the cap pattern (see below) or working freehand, cut a circle of fabric or paper.
    • Cut a slit from the edge to the center of the circle and wrap the fabric or paper to make a shallow cone (cap).
    • Cut out the flaps and attach them to both sides of the cap.
    • Cut 2 straps of fabric or paper and attach them to the bottoms of the flaps.
  • As you work together, talk to your child about what you are doing using -ap words (e.g.; Snap a flap to the cap.).
  • Play a game with the cap where one person puts the cap on their head and says the beginning sound of an -ap word,the other person says -ap, and then together you say the whole word.
  • Have your child write several -ap words (i.e., cap, tap, map, nap, sap, gap) and attach them to the cap.

Cap-pattern

Standards

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CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RF.K.3.B: Associate the long and short sounds with the common spellings (graphemes) for the five major vowels.

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RF.K.2.D: Isolate and pronounce the initial, medial vowel, and final sounds (phonemes) in three-phoneme (consonant-vowel-consonant, or CVC) words. (This does not include CVCs ending with /l/, /r/, or /x/.)

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