Rap a Tap Tap


Read and write words ending in –ap.

Lesson Plan

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Target Words:

  • rap
  • tap
  • clap


  • Mr. Bojangles puppet (see below) and brass fasteners (optional)
  • Rap a Tap Tap rap (see target text below)
  • Word blending cards (see below)
  • Sentence strips (see below)
  • Word cards (see below)
  • Rap a Tap Tap by Leo & Diane Dillon (optional)

State and model the objective  
Tell the children that today they will get to rap while they read and write words ending in –ap.

Practice the skill within an activity

Rap a Tap Tap

  • Explain to the children that rap is a form of music using spoken words that adds rhythm to words that rhyme.
  • Read Rap a Tap Tap by Leo & Diane Dillon (optional).
  • Rap the Rap a Tap Tap rap (see target text below) with the children, clapping hands to emphasize the rhythm.
  • Teach the children the words to the rap (see below), this time tapping feet to emphasize the rhythm.
  • Repeat the activity as desired, using other body parts to tap out the rhythm.
  • If desired, use the Mr. Bojangles puppet to tap out the rhythm of the rap.

Apply the skill

Identify, blend, and manipulate sounds

  • With word blending cards (see below), have the children make new words by changing either of the consonants or the vowel:
    • rap tap; lap cap; nap gap
    • rap rip; tap tip; cap cup
    • lap lad; map mat; rap ram

Read target words

  • Display the sentence strips to the children, and distribute one –ap word card to each child. 
  • Ask individual children to read their –ap word to the group, then match it to the same –ap word in a sentence strip.  

Write target words

  • Have the children generate a list of –ap words and write them on the board.
  • Have each child write about the activity they just did, using as many –ap words from the board as they can.

SEEL Target Texts

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Rap a Tap Tap

Let’s do a little rap,
A rap, tap, tap.
Do a little rap.
Just think of that!
A rap, tap, tap,
And a rap, tap, tap.
Rap a tap, rap a tap,
Just like that!
*Emphasize bolded words by clapping hands or tapping feet.


SEEL At Home

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Read and write -ap words (e.g., tap, rap, clap).


  • Rap and Dance words and instruction sheet (see below)
  • Paper
  • Pencil
  • Crayons/markers

Activity: Rap a Tap Tap

  • Help your child practice the Rap a Tap words and make up a dance to go with it if desired.  
  • Have your child perform the rap for family or friends.
  • Have your child teach different family members and friends the rap and dance (optional).
  • Make a poster with your child by helping him or her write some of the rap words on a piece of paper. Decorate the poster with pictures.
  • The activity can be repeated several times.



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CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RF.K.3.B: Associate the long and short sounds with the common spellings (graphemes) for the five major vowels.

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RF.K.2.D: Isolate and pronounce the initial, medial vowel, and final sounds (phonemes) in three-phoneme (consonant-vowel-consonant, or CVC) words. (This does not include CVCs ending with /l/, /r/, or /x/.)