Tap a Cap

Objective

Read and write words that end in –ap.

Lesson Plan

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Target Words:

  • cap
  • tap
  • flap
  • clap
  • snap
  • slap

Materials:

  • Bottle caps
  • Caps that snap (e.g. lids for lotion or shampoo bottles)
  • Letters cards (see below)
  • Kitchen tongs (optional)
  • Clap and Tap the Cap chant (see below)

State and model the objective

Tell the children they will tap and snap caps and read and write words that end in –ap, such as cap, tap, flap, clap, snap, and slap.

Practice the skill within an activity

Trap a cap

  • Line up several caps in a row so that they are almost touching.
  • Demonstrate how to snap a trap on a cap using tongs (optional) or using your thumb and index finger to snap your fingers on the cap.
  • Place a cap in your lap and point out that there is a gap in the row where the cap used to be.
  • Allow the children to make a trap to snap on a cap then have them put the cap in their lap.

Tap and flap a cap

  • Read the chant Clap and Tap the Cap (see below) with the children.
  • Allow the children to act out the chant using caps to clap, snap, flap, slap, tap, and then take a nap.

Apply the skill (choose from the following activities)

Identify, blend and manipulate sounds

  • Tape or write different letters (see below) on several caps. This can be done previously or with the children.
  • Have the children arrange the caps to form words that end in –ap by changing the initial consonant (i.e., cap, tap, gap, lap, nap, map).
  • Help the children use the caps to make new words by changing the vowel or the final consonant:
    • Change the middle vowel sound: tap top; map mop; rap rip; sap sip
    • Change the ending sound: cap can; map mat; sap sat; tap tan

Read target words in a text

  • Read the chant Clap and Tap the Cap together with the children.
  • Have the children underline the words that end in –ap.
  • Read the text again, fading support.

Write about the activity using target words

  • Write about the activity using target words, such as cap, tap, flap, snap and trap.
  • Give each child a paper and pencil and have the children write words that end in –ap from dictation (i.e., tap, cap, map, zap, gap, nap, lap).
  • Tell the children to flap their paper when they finish writing a word to show that they are done.

SEEL Target Texts

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Clap and Tap the Cap

Clap, clap, clap the cap
Clap, clap, clap the cap
Clap, clap, clap the cap and then we stop.
 
Snap, snap, snap the cap
Snap, snap, snap the cap
Snap, snap, snap the cap, and then we stop.
 
Flap, flap, flap,
Slap, slap, slap
Tap, tap, tap
And then we stop.
 
Now do not clap, flap, or snap a cap.
And take a nap!
Nap, nap, nap, and do not clap or tap or flap.

Printouts

Standards

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CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RF.K.3.B: Associate the long and short sounds with the common spellings (graphemes) for the five major vowels.

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RF.K.2.D: Isolate and pronounce the initial, medial vowel, and final sounds (phonemes) in three-phoneme (consonant-vowel-consonant, or CVC) words. (This does not include CVCs ending with /l/, /r/, or /x/.)

http://education.byu.edu/seel/library/