a man sells caps

A Man Sells Caps

A Man Sells Caps
Target text


Read and write words that end in ap.

See Standards

Lesson Plan

Target Words:

  • cap
  • tap
  • map
  • clap
  • snap
  • slap


  • Picture of a cap*
  • Word-building cards*
  • Caps for Sale target text*
  • Book: Caps for Sale by Esphyr Slobodkina, 1940 (optional)

*Items included below.

State and Model the Objective
Tell the children that they will read and write short-vowel words that end in ap, such as cap, map, tap, clap, snap, and slap.

Literacy Activities
Read Caps for Sale

  • Read Caps for Sale, by Esphyr Slobodkina, to the children (optional).
  • Read the Caps for Sale reader’s theater target text (see below) with the children.
  • Assign children as the narrator, cap seller, and monkeys, and let them act out the script.
  • Have the children identify short-vowel words that end in ap (e.g., cap, nap, tap, slap, snap, flap).
  • Read the text again, fading support.
  • Have the children write -ap words from dictation on a picture of a cap (see below).

Write a story using target words and phrases

  • Let the children write -ap words from dictation (e.g., cap, nap, tap, gap, map, clap, snap).
  • Write the following sentence frames and let the children fill in the missing words.
    • “The man ____ (sells caps, naps, flaps his cap).”
    • “The monkeys ____ (tap, clap, slap, snap).”
    • “We can sell ____ (caps, maps).”
    • “I ____ with my fingers (tap).”
    • “I ____ my hands (clap).”
    • “I ____ my fingers (snap).”
    • “I can’t sell caps, but I can take a ____ (nap).”
  • Help the children write a sentence about the Caps for Sale target text (see below) (e.g., the man sells caps, the man naps, the man flaps his cap).

Identify the vowel sound in short-vowel words

  • Say short-vowel words and ask the children what vowel they hear (e.g., cap, cup, map, mop, tap, tip).
  • Stretch out your arms and lengthen the vowel as you say each word (e.g., “Cap. c  aaaa  p. Cap.”).
  • Have the children identify the sounds in the word and then write the word.

Identify, blend, and manipulate sounds

  • With word-building cards (see below), have the children make new words by changing a consonant or the vowel.
  • Change the beginning consonant(s): cap→ map, gap→ nap, sap→ tap, clap→ snap
  • Change the vowel: cap→ cup, map→ mop, tap→ top, clap→ clip
  • Change the ending consonant: cap→ cat, sap→ sad, clap→ clam, map→ mat
Read More

SEEL Target Texts

Caps for Sale

*Reader’s theater script
Based on Caps for Sale by Esphyr Slobodkina

A man sells caps.

Caps. Caps. Caps.
Caps for sale!
Come get caps!

The man is sad. 
He can not sell caps.

I can not sell caps.
But I can take a nap.

The man naps.
Monkeys get his caps.
The man gets mad.

Give me my caps!

The man taps, claps, slaps, and snaps.
The monkeys tap, clap, slap, and snap.
The man flaps his cap.
The monkeys flap their caps.
The man drops his cap.
The monkeys drop their caps.
The man gets his caps!
The man can sell his caps!

Caps! Caps! Caps!
Caps for sale.
Come get caps!

Read More



SEEL lessons align with Common Core Standards. Please see the standards page for the code(s) associated with this lesson.