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Let's Make a Cap
Target text


Read and write words that end in -ap.

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Lesson Plan

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Target Words:

  • cap
  • wrap
  • scrap
  • flap
  • snap
  • strap


  • Cap pattern
  • Scraps of paper and cloth
  • Small pieces of paper
  • Word cards
  • Make a Cap target text
  • Let’s Wrap a Cap target text
  • Book: Caps for Sale by Esphyr Slobodkina (Harper Collins, 1987) (optional)

The children will wrap caps and read and write words ending with -ap, such as cap, snap, flap, scrap, and tap.

Literacy Activities
Make caps

  • Show the children the cap pattern and demonstrate how to make a cap using a scrap of paper (or fabric):
    • OPTION 1: Cut out the parts of the cap pattern.
      • Overlap and staple the two sides of the slit together to form the cap, repeating the word “snap” each time you use the stapler.
      • Attach the straps and snaps to the cap with the stapler.
    • OPTION 2: Cut out circles from scraps of paper or cloth and cut a slit to the center.
      • Snap (staple) the two sides of the slit to form the cap.
      • Make straps and flaps out of scraps of paper or cloth to snap onto the caps.
  • Have the children write -ap words (e.g., flap, strap, snap, cap) on small pieces of paper and attach the words to the cap.

Wrap a cap and wrap -ap words

  • Let the children wrap the caps in scraps of paper or cloth.
  • Cut out the word cards and place them in a real cap or one of the paper/cloth caps.
  • Have the children choose the word cards one at a time and help them read the word on the card.
  • Let the children wrap each word in a scrap of paper or cloth.

More Practice
Read target words in a text

  • Read the Make a Cap target text together with the children.
  • Have the children underline the words that end in -ap.
  • Repeat with the Let’s Wrap a Cap! target text.

Write about the activity using target words/patterns

  • Give the children a paper and pencil and have them write -ap words from dictation: cap, snap, tap, gap, nap, rap, lap.
  • Engage the children in writing about their experience using sentence completion prompts and target words from the activity (support as needed).
    • Examples of sentence completion prompts:
      • I have a _____ (cap) with _____ (snaps), _____ (straps), and _____ (flaps).
      • I can wrap my _____ (cap) in a _____ (scrap) of cloth.

SEEL Target Texts

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Make a Cap

Make a cap.
Put on flaps, straps, and snaps.
Snap flaps on the cap. 
Snap straps on the cap.
Snap snaps on the straps.
A cap with flaps, straps, and snaps!

Let's Wrap a Cap

Let’s wrap a cap!
Get a scrap of paper.
Put the paper in your lap.
Put a cap on the scrap of paper.
Flap the paper over the cap.
Make another flap.
It’s a snap!
Put the cap wrapped in a scrap in your lap.
It’s a snap to wrap a cap!


SEEL At Home

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Read and write words that end in -ap.


  • Cap pattern
  • Scraps of fabric or paper
  • Small pieces of paper

Activity: Make a Cap

  • Help your child make a cap with flaps and straps out of scrap fabric or paper:

    • Using the cap pattern or working freehand, cut a circle of fabric or paper.
    • Cut a slit from the edge to the center of the circle and wrap the fabric or paper to make a shallow cone (cap).
    • Cut out the flaps and attach them to both sides of the cap.
    • Cut 2 straps of fabric or paper and attach them to the bottoms of the flaps.
  • As you work together, use -ap words talk to your child about what you are doing (e.g.; Snap a flap to the cap.).
  • Play a game where one person puts the cap on their head and says the beginning sound of an -ap word, then the other person says -ap, and then together you say the whole word (e.g., c + ap = cap).
  • Have your child write several -ap words (e.g., cap, tap, map, nap, sap, gap) on small pieces of paper and attach them to the cap.





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CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RF.K.3.B: Associate the long and short sounds with the common spellings (graphemes) for the five major vowels.

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RF.K.2.D: Isolate and pronounce the initial, medial vowel, and final sounds (phonemes) in three-phoneme (consonant-vowel-consonant, or CVC) words. (This does not include CVCs ending with /l/, /r/, or /x/.)