tap a cap

Objective

Read and write words that end with -ap.

Lesson Plan

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Target Words:

  • cap
  • tap
  • clap
  • flap
  • snap
  • slap

Materials:

  • Bottle caps 
  • Several caps that snap (e.g., lids from condiment or shampoo bottles)
  • Clap and Tap a Cap chant*
  • Word-building cards (optional if using several caps)*
  • Kitchen tongs (optional)

*Items included below.

State and Model the Objective
The children will tap and snap caps and then read and write words that end in -ap, such as cap, tap, flap, clap, snap, and slap.
 
Literacy Activities
Wrap a cap and take a nap

  • Pass out bottle caps and scraps of paper and point out that cap and scrap both end in -ap.
  • Help the children think of words that end in -ap and write one on their scrap of paper. 
  • Have the children wrap bottle caps in the scraps and put the caps in their lap.
  • Ask the children to pretend to take a nap with a wrapped cap in their lap.
  • Tap with a cap to wake the children from their nap 
  • Have the children unwrap their cap and tap it softly as the children read their -ap word.

Tap, slap, snap, and flap a cap

  • Read the chant Clap and Tap a Cap (found below) with the children.
  • Allow the children to act out the chant using bottle caps that snap.

More Practice
Identify, blend, and manipulate sounds

  • Let the children help tape the word-building cards (found below) or write the same letters on several caps.
  • Have the children arrange the cards or caps to form new words: 
    • Change the beginning consonant to create words that end in -ap: cap →  tap gap lap nap map.
    • Change the middle vowel: tap top; map mop; raprip; sap sip
    • Change the ending consonant: cap can; map mat; sap sat; tap tan

Read target words in a text

  • Read Clap and Tap a Cap (see below) with the children.
  • Have the children underline the words that end in -ap.
  • Read the text together again, fading support.

Write about the activity using target words

  • Write about the activity using target words, such as cap, tap, flap, snap, and trap.
  • Give each child a paper and pencil and have the children write words that end in -ap from dictation (e.g., tap, cap, map, zap, gap, nap, lap).
  • Tell the children to flap their paper when they have finished writing a word to show that they are done.

SEEL Target Texts

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Clap and Tap a Cap

Clap, clap, clap the cap.
Clap, clap, clap the cap.
Clap, clap, clap the cap and then we stop.
 
Snap, snap, snap the cap.
Snap, snap, snap the cap.
Snap, snap, snap the cap, and then we stop.
 
Flap, flap, flap, a cap.
Flap, flap, flap a cap.  
Flap, flap, flap the cap, and then we stop.
 
Tap, tap, tap a cap.
Tap, tap, tap a cap.
Tap, tap, tap a cap, and then we stop.
 
Slap, slap, slap a cap.
Slap, slap, slap a cap.
Slap, slap, slap a cap and then we stop.
 
We can clap, snap, flap, tap, and slap a cap.
So many things to do with caps.

Printouts

Standards

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CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RF.K.3.B: Associate the long and short sounds with the common spellings (graphemes) for the five major vowels.

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RF.K.2.D: Isolate and pronounce the initial, medial vowel, and final sounds (phonemes) in three-phoneme (consonant-vowel-consonant, or CVC) words. (This does not include CVCs ending with /l/, /r/, or /x/.)

http://education.byu.edu/seel/library/