tap a cap

Tap a Cap
Target text


Read and write words that end with -ap.

See Standards

Lesson Plan

Target Words:

  • cap
  • tap
  • clap
  • flap
  • snap
  • slap


  • Bottle caps 
  • Several caps that snap (e.g., lids from condiment or shampoo bottles)
  • Clap and Tap a Cap chant*
  • Word-building cards (optional if using several caps)*
  • Kitchen tongs (optional)

*Items included below.

State and Model the Objective
The children will tap and snap caps and then read and write words that end in -ap, such as cap, tap, flap, clap, snap, and slap.
Literacy Activities
Wrap a cap and take a nap

  • Pass out bottle caps and scraps of paper and point out that cap and scrap both end in -ap.
  • Help the children think of words that end in -ap and write one on their scrap of paper. 
  • Have the children wrap bottle caps in the scraps and put the caps in their lap.
  • Ask the children to pretend to take a nap with a wrapped cap in their lap.
  • Tap with a cap to wake the children from their nap 
  • Have the children unwrap their cap and tap it softly as the children read their -ap word.

Tap, slap, snap, and flap a cap

  • Read the chant Clap and Tap a Cap (found below) with the children.
  • Allow the children to act out the chant using bottle caps that snap.

More Practice
Identify, blend, and manipulate sounds

  • Let the children help tape the word-building cards (found below) or write the same letters on several caps.
  • Have the children arrange the cards or caps to form new words: 
    • Change the beginning consonant to create words that end in -ap: cap →  tap gap lap nap map.
    • Change the middle vowel: tap top; map mop; raprip; sap sip
    • Change the ending consonant: cap can; map mat; sap sat; tap tan

Read target words in a text

  • Read Clap and Tap a Cap (see below) with the children.
  • Have the children underline the words that end in -ap.
  • Read the text together again, fading support.

Write about the activity using target words

  • Write about the activity using target words, such as cap, tap, flap, snap, and trap.
  • Give each child a paper and pencil and have the children write words that end in -ap from dictation (e.g., tap, cap, map, zap, gap, nap, lap).
  • Tell the children to flap their paper when they have finished writing a word to show that they are done.
Read More

SEEL Target Texts

Caps Caps Caps

(based on Esphyr Slobodkina's Caps for Sale)
A man sells caps.
Caps! Caps! Caps!
Come get caps! 
The man takes a nap. 
Monkeys take the caps.
The man gets mad.
The man taps his cap.
The monkeys tap their caps.
The man snaps his fingers.
The monkeys snap their fingers.
The man claps his hands.
The monkeys clap their hands.
The man flaps his arms.
The monkeys flap their arms. 
The man slaps his leg.
The monkeys slap their legs.
The man throws down his cap.
The monkeys throw down their caps.
The man picks up his caps and yells,
Caps! Caps! Caps!
Caps for sale!
Read More



SEEL lessons align with Common Core Standards. Please see the standards page for the code(s) associated with this lesson.