Spit Out Pits

Objective

Read and write words that end with -it.

Lesson Plan

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Target Words:

  • spit
  • slit
  • pit
  • fit
  • sit
  • split

Materials:

  • A fruit with a pit (e.g., apricot, peach, plum)
  • Plum graphic (see below)
  • Small stone to be a pretend pit
  • Sock or paper bag
  • Deer puppet graphics (optional – see below)
  • A cup/container with a lid/cover that has a slit
  • Small pieces of paper
  • Sentence frame (see below)
  • Letter cards (see below)
  • Spit Out the Pit! target text (see below)
  • Fit Pits in a Slit target text (see below)

State and model the objective 
Tell the children they will fit a pit into a slit and read and write words that end with -it, such as spit, slit, pit, fit, and split.

Practice the skill within an activity
Let a deer puppet spit out a pit 

  • Before the activity, assemble the deer sock or paper bag puppet (see below), and cut out the plum graphic.
  • Show the children a real fruit and its pit (or the plum graphic—see below—and a small stone).
  • Explain that pits are tough, hard and not to eat and that if we see babies or dogs put a pit in their mouths we should say, “Spit it out!” 
  • Show the children the puppet and say, “When deer eat fruit, they spit out the pit like people do.”
  • Offer the plum graphic to the deer puppet, let the puppet pretend to eat the whole plum graphic.
  • Remind the children that deer shouldn't eat pits, and have the children tell the puppet to "Spit it out!" as you gently toss the fruit pit in the air to make it look like the deer spit out the pit.
  • Read the target text Spit out the Pit! with the children and then let them take turns acting the text out with the deer puppet.
  • Ask the children what words they heard in the activity and text that end with -it and have the deer puppet echo the words back.
    • If someone misidentifies a word as ending with -it, ask them if mitt ends with -it, like in spit and pit, emphasizing the -it sound. 

See if some pits will fit in a slit

  • Show the children the container with a slit and let them try to slip pits (or small stones as pretend pits) through the slit to see if they will fit.
  • With the children, create a list of words that end in -it.
  • Give the children one or two small pieces of paper to write -it words on.
  • Let the children take turns reading one of their -it words aloud and slipping the paper through the slit.

Apply the skill 
Identify, blend and manipulate sounds 

  • Let the children make different words (e.g. pit) from letter cards (see below) by changing either of the consonants or the vowel. 
    • Change the beginning sound(s): bit sit; fit pit; split lit; split pit; split sit
    • Change the vowel sound: sit set; hit hat; pit put
    • Change the ending sound(s): fit fin; hit him; pit pig 
  • For each of the words the children make, have them produce the sounds for each letter and then blend those sounds into a word. 

Read target words in a text

  • Have the children underline the words that end in -it in the Spit out the Pit! target text (see below). 
  • Read the text to the children. 
  • Engage the children in reading the text simultaneously with you. 
  • Read the text again, fading support. 
  • Repeat the process with the Fit Pits in a Slit target text (see below), if desired. 

Write about the activity using target words and phrases 

  • Copy the sentence frame (see below) onto cardstock or heavy paper and cut a slit that will allow the tab on the bottom of each word card (see below) to sit in the sentence.
  • Give the children 2 or 3 blank word cards (see below) with the tab pointing toward them so the word will be right side up when it sits in the slit.
  • With the children's help, create a list of -it words on the board and allow the children to choose which 2 or 3 words to write on their cards.
  • Invite the children to take turns slipping an -it word into the slit in the sentence strip and reading the sentence aloud (support as needed).  

SEEL Target Texts

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Spit Out the Pit!

Look! A deer has a plum pit in its mouth.
Tell him,
“Spit out the pit! You can’t eat it!
But, don’t spit the pit at me!”
 
The deer has another pit in its mouth. 
Tell him, 
“Spit out the pit! You can’t eat it!
But, please don’t spit the pit at me!”
 
The deer has yet another pit in its mouth. Tell him, 
“Spit out the pit! You can’t eat it!
But, PLEASE don’t spit the pit at me!

Fit Pits in a Slit

I see a lid with a slit in it.
Can you fit a pit in the slit?
Try to slip the pit into the slit.
See if the pit will fit. 
Will the pit fit in the slit?
I bet it will not fit! 
 
Now try to fit words in the slit.
Can you fit the word sit in the slit?
Can you fit the word kit in the slit?
Will all the words fit?
I bet all the words will fit in the slit!

Printouts

SEEL At Home

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Print

Objective 
Read and write words that end with -it.

Materials 

  • Two pits from fruit (or two small stones to use as pretend pits)
  • Two different colored markers
  • Word page (see below)

Activity: Hit the Pit

  • Take turns with your child in writing words that end with -it in the empty boxes on the word page (see below).
  • Use a marker to mark one pit as yours and one as your child’s.
  • Place the word page on the floor a fair tossing distance away from where you and your child will stand.
  • Take turns tossing your pits and reading the closest -it word to where your pit lands.
  • If a pit lands on the word pit, the person that tossed the pit gets another turn.
  • See if you can back up a bit and still hit the pit!
 

word page

Standards

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CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RF.K.3.B: Associate the long and short sounds with the common spellings (graphemes) for the five major vowels.

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RF.K.2.D: Isolate and pronounce the initial, medial vowel, and final sounds (phonemes) in three-phoneme (consonant-vowel-consonant, or CVC) words.1 (This does not include CVCs ending with /l/, /r/, or /x/.)

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