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A Witch’s Flat Hat
Target text


Children will recognize and read words with the short-a sound.

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Lesson Plan

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Target Words:

  • Fat
  • Hat
  • Dash
  • Cat
  • Black
  • Flat


  • A Witch’s Flat Hat target text*
  • Black construction paper
  • Pictures* or toy bat, cat, and rat 
  • White chalk

*Items included below.

State and Model the Objective

Tell the children that they will read and write stories about a witch that will use short-a words.

Literacy Activities

Read A Witch’s Flat Hat 

  • Read A Witch’s Flat Hat target text (see below) with children and fade support.
  • Have the children find words in the poem that have the short-a sound.
  • Show how the poem is in the shape of a hat and let the children draw a witch’s hat.
  • Have the children write short-a words to dictation on the hats they draw (e.g., at, flap, bat, hat, black, rat, bat, cat).

Make a witch’s hat

  • Have the children make witches’ hats out of black paper. 
  • Give the children white chalk and let them write hat on their hats.
  • Use the hats as props for the next activity.

Re-enact the story

  • Label the pictures of the bat, cat, and rat (see below) and assign them as roles for re-enacting the story.
  • Have the bat, cat, and rat run and jump on the hat.
  • Let a witch wave a pretend broom at the cat, rat, and bat, tell them to “scat,” and smack the hat flat.


SEEL Target Texts

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A Witch's Flat Hat

                           bat flapped
                       up to a black hat. 
                    It landed on the hat. 
               Along came a fat, black cat.
            It jumped up on the black hat by
         the bat. A big, fat rat dashed up and
     sat by the cat and the bat on the black hat. 
“Scat!” said the witch to the rat, cat, and bat. “Get
                          off my hat!” 
                       Smack! Whack!
                      “Oh no—my hat
                            is flat!”



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K Reading: Foundational Skills Standard 3b. 
Associate the long and short sounds with the common spellings (graphemes) for the five major vowels