Find a Family of Fish


Recognize and produce the /f/ sound in a series of words that all begin with /f/.

Lesson Plan

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Target Words:

  • find
  • follow
  • family
  • fish


  • Letter cards (see below)
  • Family of fish graphic (see below)
  • Picture cards (see below)

State and model the objective
Tell the children they will follow and find a family of fish as they listen for words that start with the /f/ sound, such as fast, far, and follow.

Practice the skill within an activity
Follow the trail

  • Before the activity, cut out the letter cards and lay them in a trail on the floor, and lay the family of fish graphic (see below) at the end of the trail.
  • Emphasize the /f/ sound as you explain to the children that they need to find a family of fish by following the letter F trail.
  • Have the children follow the trail, saying, “/f/, /f/, find the fish!” as they walk along.
  • When the children find the family of fish at the end, have them join in cheering, "We finally found the fish family!"

Apply the skill
Identify the target letter

  • Mix the picture cards (see below) together, then hold them up one at a time for the children to identify and name (supporting as needed).
  • Go through the pile again, having the children take turns identifying a picture card and asking the other children, “Does this begin with the /f/ sound?”
    • If the picture starts with the /f/ sound, it goes in a pile of things that start with /f/.
    • If the picture does not start with the /f/ sound, it goes in a discard pile.
  • Have the children go through the /f/ picture pile with you again, emphasizing the /f/ sound at the beginning of the words (e.g., /f/ /f/ frog).



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