On and Off Octopus

Objective

Recognize and name the uppercase letter and the lowercase letter o.

Lesson Plan

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Target Words:

  • on
  • off
  • octopus

Materials:

  • Octopus graphic
  • Letter cards

Overview
The children will put Os on and take Os off an octopus as they recognize and name the uppercase letter O and the lowercase letter o.

Literacy Activities
O for the octopus

  • Write the uppercase letter O and the lowercase letter o on a whiteboard, name the letters (pointing out that the uppercase and lowercase letter Os are the same shape), and have the children write Os in the air with their fingers.
  • Invite the children to put the letter cards face down on the octopus graphic as they chant, "O, o, o, octopus!"
  • Have the children take turns taking a letter card off the octopus, then decide together whether or not the card is the letter O.
    • If the letter is an O, have the children place their card along the edge of the octopus page.
    • If the letter is not an O, have the children place the card in the discard pile.
    • If a child misidentifies a distractor letter as an O or an o, have him or her look at the O and o on the whiteboard and compare them to the letter he or she picked. 

More Practice
Make the letter O

  • Let the children make the shape of the letter O using different body parts (e.g., mouth, hands, arms).
  • Let the children stand up and make the O shape together by standing in a big circle.
  • Make the O circle bigger and smaller by holding hands and spreading out or taking steps in toward the middle of the circle.

Write the letter O

  • Give the children an octopus graphic and let the children write the letter O on and around the octopus several times.

Printouts

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Print

Objective
Recognize and name the uppercase letter O and lowercase letter o.

Materials

  • Octopus graphic
  • Letter cards

Activity: O on the Octopus

  • Cut out the letter cards, mix them up, and spread them out on the table.
  • Take turns choosing letter cards and help your child decide whether or not each letter card is the letter O.
    • If the card is the letter O, put it on the octopus.
    • If the letter card is not the letter O, then set it aside.
    • If your child misidentifies a distractor letter as an O or an o, help him or her find an O or an o and compare it to the letter he or she picked.
  • Let your child glue or tape the letter O cards on the octopus.
  • Have your child write the letter O on the octopus in any remaining blank space.

Octopus-Picture-and-Letters

Standards

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1. CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RF.K.1.D: Recognize and name all upper- and lowercase letters in the alphabet.

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