On and Off Octopus


Recognize and name the uppercase letter and the lowercase letter o.

Lesson Plan

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Target Words:

  • on
  • off
  • octopus


  • Octopus graphic (see below)
  • Letter cards (see below)

State and model the objective

Tell the children they will put Os on and take Os off an octopus as they recognize and name the letter O.

Practice the skill within an activity

O for the octopus

  • Write the uppercase letter O and the lowercase letter o on a whiteboard, name the letters (pointing out that the uppercase and lowercase letter Os are the same shape), and have the children write Os in the air with their fingers.
  • Invite the children to put the letter cards (see below) face down on the octopus graphic (see below) as they chant, "O, o, o, octopus!"
  • Have the children take turns taking a letter card off the octopus then decide together whether or not the card is the letter O.
    • If the letter is an O, have the children place their card along the edge of the octopus page.
    • If the letter is not an O, have the children place the card in a discard pile.

Apply the skill

Make the letter O

  • Let the children make the shape of the letter O using different body parts (e.g., mouth, hands, arms).
  • Let the children stand up and make the O shape together by standing in a big circle. Make the O circle bigger and smaller by holding hands and spreading out or taking steps in toward the middle of the circle.

Write the letter O

  • Give the children an octopus graphic (see below) and let the children write the letter O on and around the octopus several times.


SEEL At Home

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Recognize and name the letter O.


  • Octopus graphic (see below)
  • Letter cards (see below)

Activity: O on the Octopus

  • Cut out the letter cards, mix them up, and spread them out on the table.
  • Help your child decide whether or not each letter card is the letter O.
    • If the card is the letter O, put it on the octopus.
    • If the letter card is not the letter O then set it aside.
  • Let your child glue or tape the letter O cards on the octopus.
  • Have your child write the letter O on the octopus in any remaining blank space.



See More

1. CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RF.K.1.D: Recognize and name all upper and lower case letters in the alphabet.