Lots of Os in a Hot Pot


Associate the letter O (and the lowercase letter o) with the short /o/ sound (e.g., the /o/ sound in hot, pot, shop).

Lesson Plan

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Target Words:

  • hot
  • pot
  • shop
  • mop
  • stop sign
  • log
  • frog


  • Pot and wooden spoon
  • Pot graphic
  • Picture cards
  • Letter cards
  • Word cards
  • Hot Pot text

Tell the children that the letter O sometimes makes the /o/ sound like in on. Make a list of words with the /o/ sound such as hot, pot, shop, mop, top, stop sign, log, frog, hog, and dot.

Literacy Activities
Put O words in a hot pot

  • Show children the pot and tell them they will pretend to make an odd soup in a hot pot.
  • Explain that odd means strange and tell the children the soup is odd because it is made only out of ingredients with the /o/ sound.
  • Let the children choose picture cards to put in the pot.
  • Tell the children to say the sounds in the word on the picture card then choose letter cards that match the sounds in the word (e.g., /m/ - /o/ - /p/ = m o p).
  • Have the children put the letter cards in order on the lines below the pot graphic to make the word for each picture (i.e., shop, mop, top, stop, log, frog, hog, dot).
  • Let the children make an O shape in the hot pot while stirring the things in the pot.
  • Make comments such as “I see a mop in a hot pot” or “The hot pot has an odd stew.” Emphasize the /o/ sound in words with the letter O (e.g., /d/ - /o/ - /g/).
  • Point out that each word has the letter O which makes the /o/ sound.
  • Have the children write words with the letter O on small pieces of paper to put in the hot pot.

More Practice (choose from the following)
Identify, blend and manipulate sounds

  • With the letter cards used in the hot pot activity, have the children make new words by changing the vowel or either of the consonants:
    • Change the beginning sound: pot → dot; frog → hog; mop → top
    • Change the ending sound: hot → hop; log → lot; dot → dog
    • Change the middle sound: pot → pit; hop → hip

Identify the target letter and associated sound in a text

  • Read the text Hot Pot together as a class/group.
  • Have the children underline the letter O in words with the /o/ sound.
  • Read the text again fading support.

Write the target letter

  • Give each child a whiteboard and have them write words from dictation, changing one or two letters each time to make a new word:
    • pot → hot → hog → jog → job → jot → not → lot → lit → fit → fig → fog → log → dog → dot → rot

SEEL Target Texts

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Hot Pot

I saw my mom had a hot pot.
She put a shop in the hot pot.
She put a mop in the hot pot.
She put a log in the hot pot.
She put a hog in the hot pot.
I said to my mom, “Stop!”
That is an odd pot.
A pot should not have a shop, mop, log, or hog.
I did not want to see what else my mom put in the hot pot.



See More

1. CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RF.K.1.D: Recognize and name all upper and lower case letters in the alphabet.
2. CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RF.K.3.A: Demonstrate basic knowledge of one-to-one letter-sound correspondences by producing the primary sound or many of the most frequent sounds for each consonant.