Bat Gets Fat

Objective

Change the initial sound in -at words to make new words (e.g., change the /f/ in fat to a /b/ to make bat).

Lesson Plan

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Target Words:

  • bat
  • fat
  • hat
  • sat
  • flat

Materials:

  • Balloon
  • Permanent black marker
  • Paper hat 
  • Fat Bat Activity Text (see target text below)
  • Fat Bat Activity Story (see target text below)
  • Bat Template (see below)
  • Word cards (see below)
  • A Fat Bat, Bats target text (see below)
  • Bats, Bats! target text (see below)
  • Flat Bats target text (see text below)

State and model the objective 
Tell the children they will make a fat bat while they practice blending beginning sounds with the -at words to spell new words (e.g., bat, fat, sat, flat). 

Practice the skill within an activity

  • Make the flat bat balloon fat 
    • Introduce the children to your flat balloon.
    • Draw a bat on your balloon.
    • Read the Fat Bat Activity Text (see below) and have the children help you act out the text using the balloon and paper hat.
    • Read the Fat Bat's Story (see below) and have the children help you act out the story using the paper bat (see instructions below).
    • Read the Fat Bat's Story again and have the children clap out each sound in the words ending in -at (e.g., clap three times for the sounds /f/ /a/ /t/ in fat).
    • Have the children change the /b/ in bat to /s/ then have them blend the new sound with the -at ending to make the word sat. Repeat with other words.
      • bat --> sat --> pat --> hat --> mat --> cat --> rat

Apply the skill (Choose from the following)

  • Cut words into sounds
    • Write or print out target words (see below) ending in -at: bat, fat, mat, sat, pat, hat.
    • Cut each word into individual sounds, saying each sound separately.
  • Read target words in a text (see below)
    • Read the target text A Fat Bat together with the group. 
    • Have the children underline the words that end in -at.
    • Read the text again fading support.
    • Repeat with the target text Bats, Bats, Bats! or the target text Flat Bats.
  • Write about the activity using target words/patterns
    • Give each child a whiteboard and have them write words from dictation, changing one or two letters each time to make a new word: fat--> pat --> pan --> fan --> man--> mad --> bad --> bat --> sat --> hat.

Printouts

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Objective 
Change the initial sound in -at words to make new words 
(e.g., change the /f/ in fat to a /b/ to make bat).

Materials

  • Bat Template and Fat Bat Story (see below)
  • Scissors, pencil, and paper

Activity: Fat Bat

  • Make a bat that can be flat or fat (following the instructions on the pattern).
  • Read the Fat Bat Story with your child and have your child clap his or her hands every time he or she hears a word ending in -at.
  • Have your child act out the story using the paper bat.
  • Read the story again, this time helping your child read the -at words.
  • Have your child change the /b/ in bat to /s/ then blend the new sound with the -at ending to make the word sat. Repeat with other words (e.g., pat, hat, mat, cat, rat).
  • Help your child write a short story about a fat bat that went splat.  Have him or her write the words ending with -at and provide support for other words in the story.
  • The activity can be repeated several times.  fat-bat-story-and-template

Standards

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CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RF.K.3.D: Distinguish between similarly spelled words by identifying the sounds of the letters that differ.

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RF.K.2.C: Blend and segment onsets and rimes of single-syllable spoken words.

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