Is It a Rat, a Cat, or a Bat?

Objective

Blend a beginning consonant or consonant blend with -at to make words such as rat, bat, cat, and pat.

Lesson Plan

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Target Words:

  • rat
  • cat
  • bat
  • fat

Materials:

  • Whiteboard and marker (or paper and pencil) for each child
  • Drawing instructions (see below)
  • Is It a Rat, a Cat, or a Bat? target text (see below)

State and model the objective 
Tell the children they will draw a rat, cat, and bat while they add sounds to the -at ending to make words such as bat, rat, cat, and fat.

Practice the skill within an activity

Draw a rat, a cat, and a bat

  • Write the -at ending three times on a whiteboard and show the children how you can add the letters r, c, or in front of -at and make a new word. 
  • Explain that you will show the children how they can change a rat into a cat, and a cat into a bat.
  • While telling the story, Is it a Rat, a Cat, or a Bat? (see below), draw a rat, cat, and bat, described as follows (see graphics below for a visual representation):
    • To draw a rat, draw a small circle sitting on top of the larger circle, dots for eyes and nose, two round ears, whiskers, and a long thin tail in a rainbow shape to the right. Write rat underneath it and have the children read the word altogether.
    • To change the rat into a cat: Draw pointed ears over the round ears and make the tail fat.  Change the letter in rat to the letter c to make cat. Have the children read cat altogether.
    • To change the cat into a bat: Extend the tail to look like a bat wing.  Draw a wing on the left of the bat.  Change the letter c in cat to the letter b to make bat. Have the children read bat altogether
  • Hand out pencils and paper to the children, then take them through each step of drawing a rat, a cat, and a bat.

Apply the skill (Choose from the following)

Read target words in a text (see below)

  • Read the target text Is It a Cat, a Rat, or a Bat? together as a group. 
  • Read the text again fading support.
  • Have the children underline the words in the text that end in -at.

Write about the activity using target words

  • Under the rat, cat, and bat write: I am a rat. I am a cat. I am a bat.
  • Play an oral "change the word" game with the children, explaining that just as the bat, cat, and rat changed into each other, words can do the same.  
  • Have children begin with the word bat, then change the initial letter to make a new word, and continue to make new words, as you write them on the board.
  • Repeat the game, but this time, have children write the word on their own whiteboard or paper, change the initial letter, and read the word.

SEEL Target Texts

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Is it a Rat, a Cat, or a Bat?

I once had a little pet rat.
He was a nice little rat with round ears, whiskers, and a little tail.
I had so much fun playing with my rat.
But you know, there was also this cat in my house that would chase after my rat.
The cat had a big tail and pointy ears.
I was afraid the cat would eat my rat, so I picked up my rat and said, “No, cat!
Don’t chase my rat!”
The cat was sorry, and so we let him play with us.
Then, out of nowhere, we saw something fly across the room. 
It was a bat!
It had big black wings and pointy ears like the cat.
It flew down and we all played together: rat, cat, and bat!

Printouts

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Print

Objective
Blend a beginning consonant or consonant blend with -at to make words such as rat, bat, cat, and pat.

Materials 

  • Is It a Rat, a Cat, or a Bat? target text and drawing instructions (see below)

Activity: Is It a Rat, a Cat, or a Bat?

  • Ask your child if he or she remembers how to draw a rat, a cat, and a bat.
  • Tell the story to your child, while drawing a rat, bat, and cat as described (see drawing instructions):
  • To draw a rat: Draw a small circle sitting on top of the larger circle, dots for eyes and nose, two round ears, whiskers, and a long thin tail in a rainbow shape to the right. Write rat underneath it.
  • To change the rat into a cat: Draw pointed ears over the round ears and make the tail fat.  Change the letter r in rat to the letter c to make cat.
  • To change the cat into a bat: Extend the tail to look like a bat wing.  Draw a wing on the left of the bat.  Change the letter c in cat to the letter b to make bat.
  • Help your child draw the rat, cat, and bat.
  • Assist your child in writing the appropriate phrase underneath each picture: I am a rat. I am a cat. I am a bat. (Provide support where needed.)

rat-cat-bat-story-and-drawing-instructions

Standards

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CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RF.K.3.D: Distinguish between similarly spelled words by identifying the sounds of the letters that differ.

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RF.K.2.C: Blend and segment onsets and rimes of single-syllable spoken words.

http://education.byu.edu/seel/library/