Is It a Rat, a Cat, or a Bat?

Objective

Blend a beginning consonant or consonant blend with -at to make words such as rat, bat, cat, and pat.

Lesson Plan

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Target Words:

  • rat
  • cat
  • bat
  • fat

Materials:

  • Whiteboard and marker 
  • Drawing instructions
  • Is It a Rat, a Cat, or a Bat? target text 

Overview
The children will draw a rat, cat, and bat while they add sounds to the -at ending to make words such as bat, rat, cat, and fat.

Literacy Activities
Draw a rat, a cat, and a bat

  • Write the -at ending three times on a whiteboard and show the children how you can add the letters r, c, or in front of -at and make a new word. 
  • Read the Is it a Rat, a Cat, or a Bat? target text.
  • Explain that you will show the children how they can change a rat into a cat, and a cat into a bat.
  • Draw a rat, cat, and bat by following the drawing instructions:
    • Hand out pencils and paper to the children, and take them through each step of drawing a rat, a cat, and a bat.

More Practice
Read target words in a text 

  • Read the Is It a Cat, a Rat, or a Bat? target text together as a group. 
  • Read the text again fading support.
  • Have the children underline the words in the text that end in -at.

Write about the activity using target words

  • Under the rat, cat, and bat write: I am a rat. I am a cat. I am a bat.
  • Play a "change the word" game with the children, explaining that just as the bat, cat, and rat changed into each other, words can do the same.  
  • Have children begin with the word bat, then change the initial letter to make a new word, and continue to make new words, as you write them on the board.
  • Repeat the game, but this time, have children write the word on their own whiteboard or paper, change the initial letter, and read the word.

SEEL Target Texts

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Is it a Rat, a Cat, or a Bat?

I once had a little pet rat.
He was a nice little rat with round ears, whiskers, and a little tail.
I had so much fun playing with my rat.
But you know, there was also this cat in my house that would chase after my rat.
The cat had a big tail and pointy ears.
I was afraid the cat would eat my rat, so I picked up my rat and said, “No, cat!
Don’t chase my rat!”
The cat was sorry, and so we let him play with us.
Then, out of nowhere, we saw something fly across the room. 
It was a bat!
It had big black wings and pointy ears like the cat.
It flew down and we all played together: rat, cat, and bat!

Printouts

SEEL At Home

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Print

Objective
Blend a beginning consonant or consonant blend with -at to make words such as rat, bat, cat, and pat.

Materials 

  • Is It a Rat, a Cat, or a Bat? target text
  • Drawing instructions 

Activity: Is It a Rat, a Cat, or a Bat?

  • Ask your child if he or she remembers how to draw a rat, a cat, and a bat.
  • Read Is it a Rat, a Cat, or a Bat? target text to your child, then follow the drawing instructions to draw a rat, bat, and cat.
  • Help your child draw the rat, cat, and bat.
  • Assist your child in writing the appropriate phrase underneath each picture: I am a rat. I am a cat. I am a bat. (Provide support where needed.)

rat-cat-bat-story-and-drawing-instructions

Standards

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CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RF.K.3.D: Distinguish between similarly spelled words by identifying the sounds of the letters that differ.

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RF.K.2.C: Blend and segment onsets and rimes of single-syllable spoken words.

http://education.byu.edu/seel/library/