Witch's Flat Hat


Blend a beginning consonant or consonant blend with -at to make words such as hat, flat, bat, and cat.

Lesson Plan

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Target Words:

  • hat
  • bat
  • cat
  • rat
  • flat


  • Witch's hat (see below)
  • Broom
  • Cat, rat, and bat toys or pictures (see below)
  • Word cards (see below)
  • -at hat graphic (see below)
  • A Witch's Flat Hat (see below)

State and model the objective 
Tell the children they will hear a story about a witch's hat that went flat while they add sounds to the -at ending to make words such as hat, bat, cat, rat, flat, and splat.  

Practice the skill within an activity

Make a flat hat

  • Read the target text A Witch's Flat Hat (see below) with the children then have them act out the text:
    • Put the animal toys or graphics (see below) on the hat while saying, for example, "A bat is on the hat."
    • Use the broom to flatten the hat as the witch tries to chase the animals away.
    • Say, "SPLAT!"
    • Hold up the animals to show that they are ok then point to the flat hat.
  • Write at on a whiteboard with space in front of the letter a, then let the children write h in front of at to make hat.
  • Have the children blend the /h/ sound with /at/ to read the word hat.
  • Repeat with the words rat, cat, and bat. 
  • Ask the children to think of other words that end with -at then help them write the words.

Read and write -at words

  • Tell the children to write -at on the blank line on each word card (see below). 
  • Have the children blend the beginning sound with -at to read each word.
  • Let the children put the word cards in the witch's hat.
  • Use the broom to flatten the hat then comment that the words and the hat are flat.

Apply the skill (choose from the following)

Identify, blend and manipulate sounds 

  • Have children blend beginning and ending sounds into words by tapping their head (beginning sound) and toes (ending sounds) then clap to say the whole word (e.g. /c/ tap head, /at/ tap toes). Point out that all of the words have the -at sound at the end of the word. Ask the children to identify which sound differs in each word.  
    • /b/ /at/ = bat
    • /s/ /at/ = sat
    • /m/ /at/ = mat
    • /h/ /at/ = hat

Write about the activity using target words

  • Have the children sit in a circle and take turns passing the flat hat (see graphic below).
  • As the children get the hat, have them say a new word that ends in -at
  • Write each new word on the board.  
  • Repeat the game, but this time, have the children write each word on around the paper hat.
  • Allow the children to write a sentence about a hat using the words written on the graphic (e.g., I see a cat on a hat).

SEEL Target Texts

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A Witch's Flat Hat

                               bat swooped
                            and landed on a
                         hat. Along came a fat
                       black cat.  He leaped up
                    on the black hat beside the
                 bat. A big, gray rat scampered
             up by the cat and the bat on the hat.

"Scat!" said the witch to the rat, the cat, and the bat.




SEEL At Home

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Blend beginning sounds and the -at ending to make words (e.g., /h/ + /at/ = hat).


  • Animal pictures and A Witch's Flat Hat text (see below)
  • Witch's hat (twist black paper into a cone and add a circular rim at the bottom)
  • Broom

Activity: Witch's Flat Hat

  • Assemble a witch's hat using black paper twisted into a cone with a circular rim attached to the bottom.
  • Read A Witch's Flat Hat together (see text below).  
  • Have your child act out the story with the pictures, hat, and broom.  
  • When you come to the word "SPLAT!" flatten the hat with a broom.  
  • Write -at on the right side of a piece of paper then help your child write h in front of -at.
  • Have your child blend /h/ sound with /at/ to read the word hat.
  • Repeat with the words rat, cat, and bat.
  • Ask your child to think of other words that end with -at then help him/her write the words. 
  • The activity can be repeated several times. animal-pictures-and-hat-text


See More

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RF.K.3.D: Distinguish between similarly spelled words by identifying the sounds of the letters that differ.

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RF.K.2.C: Blend and segment onsets and rimes of single-syllable spoken words.