Curriculum

Preschool Curriculum

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CURRICULUM ELEMENT Sept, Oct, Nov Dec, Jan Feb, March April, May, June
MEANING AND FUNCTION OF PRINT Lets a letter or written word stand for an object or action (e.g. uses B for the word "bus" to let chairs be a bus) Identifies messages in environmental print; dictates notes, lists, announcements, menus Uses a printed word to signal a choice; pretends to read familiar texts; "reads" words or phrases in context with support (e.g. reads what is served for lunch) Participates in polls (e.g., marks "yes" or "no" when asked, "Do you like apples?"); Uses initial letter to identify a word in context with modeling
PRINT AWARENESS (CONCEPTS OF PRINT) Identifies the front/back of a book; tells where to start reading; scribbles when pretending to write Engages in pretend reading and writing; States what he or she is pretending to write Points to each word during shared reading; dictates stories (co-constructed or own stories); agrees or disagrees when what was written is read back Matches identical words; "reads" from memory very repetitive stories; "reads" a recurring word each time it occurs in a repetitive text
Recognizes own first name in print from two or three options; names one or two letters in own first name Recognizes own name in print (e.g., puts belongings under own name label); names most letters in first name Names most letters in first name Names letters in first name
LETTER KNOWLEDGE Sings alphabet song with support Chants half the alphabet from a chart with support Chants the letter names from an alphabet chart with support
Names and sorts M, B, T, S, O and X Names and sorts F, A, P, D Names and sorts E, R, C Names and sorts N, K, W, I, and previously introduced letters
Traces, copies, writes from model:
X and O (X marks the spot; O for 'oh' and to make a design with Os)
Traces, copies, writes from model:
M, B, T, S, X, and O
Traces, copies, writes from model:
M, B, T, S, X, O, F, A, P, D
Traces, copies, writes:
M, B, T, S, X, O, F, A, P, D, E, R, C, N, K, W, I
RHYMING Generates or identifies rhyme pairs with modeling and immediate imitative support Generates or identifies familiar rhyme pairs in instructional contexts with modeling Generates or identifies familiar rhyme word pairs in novel contexts Generates novel rhyme words; rhymes with nonsense; generates more than one rhyme word; identifies rhyme pairs
ALLITERATION Plays with and repeats words and phrases that begin with same first sound Repeats same first sound phrases that have been modeled Sorts objects that start with same first sound with support (eliminates items that don't start with the target sound); writes initial letters to stand for words in interactive writing context Plays the "name game" by saying each child's name with a particular initial consonant; "reads" list of words from memory that all start with same letter (e.g., list of S items purchased at a pretend store)
SOUND BLENDING Marches or claps to words in a sentence; Blends own name and very familiar words from beginning consonant or cluster and rest of the word after some modeling Claps out words in sentences and syllables in words; talks like a robot Claps out syllables in words; Blend familiar rhyme words into onset + rhyme immediately after a rhyme activity Blends familiar rhyme words into onset + rhyme immediately after a rhyme activity

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Kindergarten Curriculum

Click here to download/print the Kindergarten curriculum. (PDF, 172KB)

CURRICULUM ELEMENT BLOCK 1 (Sept–Oct) BLOCK 2 (Nov–Dec) BLOCK 3 (Jan–Feb) BLOCK 4 (Mar) BLOCK 5 (Apr–May)
LITERACY TARGETS
LETTERS Mm, Bb, Tt, Ss, Ff, Short Aa Rr, Dd, Nn, Cc, Pp, Short Ii Kk, Gg, Ww, Hh, Sh, Short Oo Ll, Jj, Xx, Ch, Short Ee Vv, Zz, Qq, Yy, Short Uu
WORD ENDINGS at, ad, ag, ab, an, am, ap, ack ip, it, id, in, im, ig, ick, ish, ing ob, op, og, ot, ock et, en, ed ub, ug, ut, un, um, up, uck
SIGHT WORDS am, at, an, a, see, I, no, can, the, is in, it, his, him, will, did, my, she, with, thing not, on, me, do, have, said, come, you, he, me, there, was go, to, yes, we, get, put, and, like, had, let but, us, up, here
CURRICULUM
LETTER KNOWLEDGE LETTER NAMES Names letters of the alphabet in unison with high levels of support. Names letters of the alphabet in sequence with some support. Names letters of the alphabet out of sequence with minimal support. Names letters of the alphabet with no support. Names and writes all previously learned targeted letters effortlessly, automatically.
Recognizes letters in his/her own name. Names and writes previously targeted letters.
Matches upper and lowercase letters. Writes first and last name with all letters in correct order.
Names and writes targeted letters (see above).
LETTER SOUNDS Finds letters that go with sounds.
Produces the correct sound when shown a letter.
Produces the correct letter when hearing the sound.
  Produces the short sound of vowels in a chant or routine.
PHONOLOGICAL AWARENESS ALLITERATION Repeats alliteration phrases.

Sorts objects and pictures by same initial sound with high levels of support.
Repeats and plays with alliteration phrases.

Sorts objects and pictures by same initial sound with some support.
Using the same initial sound change children's names. (e.g., change Ann to Tann, Emma to Temma, Mark to Tark.)

Sorts objects and pictures by same initial sound with minimal support.
Plays with phrases and "tongue twisters" based on initial sounds.

Sorts objects and pictures by same initial sound with no support.
SOUND IDENTIFICATION States the first sound heard in a series of words. (e.g., potato, pizza, pretzels, pop) States the final sound heard in words. States the final sound heard in words that end with a target sound. Target key previously taught sounds. (e.g., ck, sh)
States the rhyme ending heard in targeted word family words. States the medial vowel heard in target words.
States the initial sound heard in words that begin with a target sound.
Sorts objects and pictures by same initial sound with only a few distractors included. Sorts objects and pictures by same final sound. Sorts objects and pictures by same medial sound.
Finds a word that ends in a particular sound.
Isolates and says the first or last sound in a word.
SOUND BLENDING AND SEGMENTING Using targeted word endings:

Blends onset and rhyme to make CVC (consonant-vowel-consonant) words. (example: b-at = bat for Block 1 and r-ip = rip for Block 2)
Using targeted word endings:

Blends individual phonemes into CVC words.
Segments CVC words into onset and rhyme by saying the initial consonant and rhyme ending. (Example: bat = b-at Block 1 and rip = r-ip for Block 2) Segments phonemes in CVC words by saying the individual sounds. (Cut = c - u - t)
Stretches out the vowels in CVC words. (Cut = c – uuuuu – t.)
  Taps out phonemes in short vowel words (taps out each sound in a blend and taps only once for a digraph).
PHONICS DECODE WORDS In isolation, reads initial consonant then rhyme ending with support and blends them together to make targeted short vowel words. In isolation, reads targeted short vowel words by sounding out individual phonemes with support. In isolation, reads previously introduced short vowel words without support.
With high support, reads targeted short vowel words incorporated in controlled or repetitive texts. With medium support, reads controlled, repetitive texts with a majority of short vowel words. With low support, reads controlled, repetitive texts with a majority of short vowel words.
RECOGNIZE SIGHT WORDS Reads targeted high-frequency sight words in context; recognizes sight words from a word wall (see above).
WORD ANALYSIS Writes individual letters to represent targeted sounds (see above).
  Writes CVC words from dictation with the word segmented into onset and rhyme (C-VC) and with rhyme endings available to copy (e.g. on a word wall). Writes CVC words with sound-by-sound support (including digraphs as two letters with one sound). Writes CVC words from dictation with repeating the targeted word. Writes CVC words from dictation.
Fills in target short vowel CVC words in story frames with letter support. Recognizes ending sounds in CVC words and identifies the short vowel. Spells sight words. Recognizes that all words have a vowel. Names the vowel in CVC words and isolates its sound.
Sorts words according to the initial sound and identifies the letter's name. Sorts CVC words according to short vowel sound and identifies the vowel's name. Identifies a non-word by whether or not it has a vowel.
Segments CVC with onset and rhyme and then into individual phonemes. Segments and counts individual sounds in CVC words and maps the sound to letter(s). Segments and counts individual sounds in CVC, CVCC, CCVC words and maps the sound to letter(s).
  Selects needed sight words from a word wall during writing. Selects individual letters (e.g., from a letter tray) to make short vowel CVC words with sound by sound support.
ORAL LANGUAGE Relates concrete, immediately occurring events (e.g., comments on what is happening). Relates events shortly after they occurred. Relates past shared experiences with question support. Relates past events with question prompts; tells personal stories. Explains purpose and results of opinion polls and class surveys.
Talks about self (e.g., family, pets). Talks about similarities and differences in objects and actions, events in stories with some picture support. Talks about main events in stories without picture support. Talks about internal states (e.g., feelings, rules, beliefs) events that could happen vs. those that are pretend.
Explains function of print props (e.g., lists, instructions). Uses language to ask questions (request information). Uses language to plan and negotiate roles, settings in story enactments. Uses language to direct events during a story enactment, give instructions for making a class project.
Engages in conversations about immediate events. Engages in conversations about recent events and what is real vs. what is pretend.
Responds appropriately when asked to give a comment or ask questions.
Makes comments. Asks questions with support (picks a question) with suggestions. Asks questions when given a model. Differentiates between comments and questions.
WRITING Dictates relevant facts and details that relate to a story or text's topic for an adult to transcribe (knows when what was written is correct). Dictates information about pictures drawn (slows the telling to give the scribe time to write). Generates ideas for writing using pictures. Generates ideas for writing for various purposes (e.g., songs, poems, stories, menus, signs) using pictures and signal words. Generates own stories and writings about shared experiences relying on letter/sound knowledge and supports such as word banks, pictionaries, and planning sheets; shares writing with others. Edits writing with the help of an adult (e.g., looks for conventions of print), shares writing with peers and other audiences.
Co-constructs original stories based on simple, real, or contrived experiences (e.g., running out of snacks and needing to borrow from another teacher or divide) with high support (questions, options, teacher adding large parts of the story). Co-constructs stories based on a story grammar framework after a model story with high support. Co-constructs original stories based after a simple narrative told but with changes in the story grammar elements (i.e., initiating event); a story starter (beginning), etc.

Co-constructs stories based on an arranged experience and when given questions/prompts.
Co-constructs original stories based on simple, real, or contrived experiences (e.g., running out of snacks and needing to borrow from another teacher or divide) with high support (questions, options, teacher adding large parts of the story). Co-constructs stories based on a story grammar framework after a model story with high support. Co-constructions original stories based after a simple narrative told but with changes in the story grammar elements (i.e., initiating event); a story starter (beginning), etc.

Co-constructs stories based on an arranged experience and when given questions/prompts including options for characters' goals, attempts and consequences.
  Engages in invented spelling. Begins to use print conventions.
COMPREHENSION Contributes to retelling of simple narratives after a dramatic telling and with questions about the plot (i.e., problem, characters' goals, attempts, and resolutions) with question and sentence completion prompts and the teacher filling in the information when necessary. Retells simple narrative after a dramatic telling with prompts about the plot (i.e., problem, characters' goals, attempts, and resolutions). Retells narratives after a dramatic telling with minimal prompts, including most plot elements.
Retells highly predictable and repetitive stories with prompts. Retells highly predictable and repetitive stories without prompts.
Recreates story events and engages in conversations between story characters by taking on character roles and voices during a story enactment with direction and narration provided by an adult. Recreates story events by taking on character roles and voices and assuming some responsibility for directing actions during a story enactment.
When given "because" and "so" as prompts in a retell, students are able to fill in the appropriate cause-effect elements. When asked "why" questions about character's actions, students are able to use "because" to signal the cause-effect elements.
Relates important events in texts to background knowledge, experiences and feelings. Relates events in stories to other life situations with support (e.g., "What would you do if you were the character?").
Answers questions about characters' feelings stated in the story. States how characters may feel based on story events. Predicts what characters' will do in a particular situation based on their feelings and goals.
Expository texts. Understand fact versus fiction, fantasy versus reality.
Answers questions about concrete facts and sequence of events. Answers questions about story elements after a story is told dramatically; states why things happened and why characters felt certain ways. Answers questions about causal relationships (how goal or plan relates to attempt, about how characters' feelings relate to goals and plans).
Makes predictions about what will happen next in texts pertaining to relevant experiences. Makes predictions about what may happen next based on characters' thoughts and feelings when a teacher calls attention to important information needed to make the prediction.
Fills in relevant information not stated in the text based on pictures in the story. Fills in relevant information not stated in the text based on pictures and events described in the story.
VOCABULARY Explains or gives examples of key words used in targeted literacy activities. Explains or gives examples of key words from short vowel word families and words targeted to teach initial sound identification.
Appropriately uses or explains the meaning of words for important, relevant ideas in targeted books. Gives synonyms for mad (angry), happy (glad, cheerful), afraid (scared, worried). Identifies the root word and talks about meaning changes with the addition of word endings (e.g., jump vs. jumped, cat vs. cats, run vs. running).
Identifies objects that exemplify attribute words (e.g., same, different, belongs to). Sorts objects according to attributes (e.g., heavy, light, hard, soft). Identifies objects that reflect different attributes (e.g., adverbs/adjectives); and the words alike, similar; spatial words for beginning and end, first, next, beside, bottom, side. Identifies or gives examples of the words before, after, numbers to 10, pair same as, shape, sounds alike, does not belong, sort, last, above, next, and spatial before/after. Identifies or demonstrates meaning of temporal words for before/after; first/last; next; words for print (word vs. letter, number vs. letter). Identifies or gives examples of the meaning of long word vs. short word; word vs. sentence.
Tells why people in story and real life situations feel the primary emotions (e.g., happy, sad, afraid, mad, surprised, and disgusted). Tells what makes people feel disappointed, confused (puzzled), excited, fearful, (nervous), lonely; talks about gradients of emotion (e.g., annoyed means a little angry while furious means really angry). Tells what makes people feel guilty (sorry for, ashamed, embarrassed), hurt (left out, teased). Tells when people might feel grateful (thankful), bored, curious, confident, greedy, selfish, jealous, shy, and proud; identifies deception in stories (e.g., when a character is pretending to be someone else).
Explains multiple meaning words (homonyms) encountered in activities (e.g., words that function as both nouns and verbs). Contrast objects and actions with different attributes.
PRINT AWARENESS Identifies where to start reading and where words are on a page. Differentiates letters and numbers and letters and words. Points out words in text. Identifies the first and last letter of a word. Differentiates long and short words. Identifies order for reading, title on the title page, and where text begins and ends. Identifies parts of a book (e.g., cover, author, title, title page) and where text begins and ends.

Differentiates with reversed first and last letter (pot/top).

Acts on a range of genre; states whether a text is a poem, story, or informational.

Reads words in context and reads kindergarten-level predictable, repetitive texts with minimal support.
Identifies when print is upside down and which page is read first. Uses letters to communicate words by labeling objects with the sounds heard in the word. Finds and states the role of capital letters at the beginning of a sentence; matches upper and lower case letters. Differentiates words that change in meaning with one letter change (e.g., dip, sip).
Differentiates pictures and printed words. Points out the front vs. the back of the book (where the book starts and ends). Helps write three and four word sentences, highlighting capitals at the beginning of sentences and proper nouns, and punctuation at the end of sentences. Finds/highlights letters in printed words; points out words in texts. Points out particular word endings (e.g., -ed) and punctuation at the end of sentences.
Identifies where to start reading and where the words are on the page (points to one vs. two words). Differentiates first and last words of sentences. Reads target words in class contexts and predictable, repetitive texts. Finds letters in print and key words in texts.
Shows sequence by pointing to words in left to right and top to bottom order with support. Acts on print props (e.g., signs, notices, labels, tickets); pretends to read and write in role play. Identifies function of question mark in texts. Identifies function of exclamation point in texts.
Dictates two- and three-word sentences, and notices capitals at the beginning and punctuation at the end.

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First Grade Curriculum

Click here to download/print the first grade curriculum. (PDF, 94KB)

CURRICULUM ELEMENT Sept Oct Nov Dec Jan Feb Mar Apr May
PHONOLOGICAL AWARENESS
COUNTS AND COMPARES Syllables in words Phonemes in one-syllable words Phonemes in words Number of phonemes and number of letters in words Number of phonemes and number of letters in words that sound the same but are spelled differently
BLENDS AND SEGMENTS Syllables to make words (e.g., /ta/…/ble/, table) Onset-rhyme into words; words into onset and rhyme (e.g., pan, /p/…/an/) Phonemes into words, words into phonemes (CVC or CVC-silent e) Phonemes into words; words into phonemes with initial or final blends (e.g., s – a – t = sat; sat = s – a – t)
IDENTIFIES OR STATES Initial consonant in series of words Same ending consonant in series of words Same medial vowel in a series of words; same initial or final blends in words Same medial vowel in words despite differences in spelling
SUBSTITUTES, CHANGES Initial consonants (e.g., replace first sound in "mat" to blend for a single consonant) Final consonant (e.g., replace last sound in "mat" with /p/, say "map"); final consonant with consonant blend (e.g. pup = pump); medial vowels in CVC and CVC-silent e words (e.g. pet to pat; strip to strap)
DELETES Syllables in words Initial sounds in words (e.g., "can't" without the /t/) Consonants in blends ("sleep" without "s") Final consonants in words Final phoneme in blends; say "best" without saying the /t/
IDENTIFIES BLENDS Initial r-blends (cr, br, gr, dr, fr, tr) Final blends: -nd, -nk, -nt Initial l blends: bl, cl, fl, gl, pl, sl
PHONICS AND SPELLING
IDENTIFIES CONSONANTS AND DIGRAPHS All letters in random order, and sh and ch digraphs Pronounces sounds for digraphs th Writes and pronounces digraph: wh C has /s/ sound in certain contexts (hard and soft "c) tch, wh; hard and soft g
READS BLENDS AND SILENT DOUBLE CONSONANTS Silent double final consonants (ll, ss, tt, ck) in short vowel words r blends: dr, gr, cr Final blends: -nd, -nk, -nt; L-blends: bl, cl, fl, gl, pl, sl (flame vs. fame, blame vs. lame) S blends: st, sc, sn, sp, st, sw, etc.; final –st (best) -all: ball, fall, tall, small Triple blends: str, scr, spl, str ld - as in "cold," "fold"
READS SHORT VOWEL WORDS Short vowels using VC and CVC patterns (short a, e, i) Short vowels (short o and u) Review short vowel words and combine short vowel endings with consonant clusters (beginning and ending clusters)
READS LONG VOWEL WORDS WITH SILENT "E" PATTERN   Long "a" with silent "e" pattern (e.g., -ake, ane, ame, are, ack, ale, ade, age; ase; ace, ale) Reads long vowels using CVC-silent "e" pattern: long i vowel; -ike, -ice Reads long "o" words with CVC-silent "e" (e.g., -oke); reads long "u" words with CVC-silent "e" (e.g., -une) Review regular long vowel silent "e" patterns
READS WORDS WITH DIPHTHONGS AND VOWEL VARIANTS   Long "e" pattern; ee (as in feet) Long "a" (ay as in hay, ai as in pail) – compare with long "a" silent "e" pattern; long "e" pattern as in ee Long "o" (o, oa, ow; e.g., no, boat, row); compare with long "o" silent e""; long "I" (I, y, igh); compare with silent "e" pattern (–ike); long "e" as in –ea and –y (compare with ee pattern) Vowel variant "oo" as in cook and look and good; long "e" as in –ea and –y (contrast with ee) Vowel variants; "oo" as in moon; diphthongs: "ou" (out, spout); "ow" (cow, how, now) Diphthong (oi, oy) (boy, toy, soil) and vowel variants: (au (auto; cause, caught) and aw (saw); "oo" as in moon; l-controlled vowels: -all; -ol (cold); -ie as in pie
READS R-CONTROLLED WORDS   Bare, air Decode one-syllable words with r-controlled vowel (ar) Decode one-syllable words with r-controlled vowel (-er) Decode one-syllable r-controlled vowel (ir) Decode r-controlled vowel (or)
READS L-CONTROLLED WORDS   -all: ball, fall, tall, small
ADDS SUFFIXES; GRAMMATICAL ENDINGS   Add "s" to make short vowel words plural (bat + s = bats) Final –ed; contraction n't -ing Contractions with "s"; compound words

Endings (–es); past tense 

verbs (washes); -er (maker); -est (biggest)

Endings -full, -less Plural "s", possessive "s", er, ly Reads words with -ly and -er
READS HIGH-FREQUENCY WORDS Can't Where, what, when This, there, that Common irregular past tense verbs; is, are
SPELLS, WRITES One-syllable CVC words Spell short vowel words with consonant blends and digraphs (e.g., bl, st, nt, sh, wh, th) Short vowel words with consonant blends at end (nt, est, mp) New words with a model of familiar word (or word pattern)
Associate the spelling of new words with that of known words and word patterns. Use spelling generalities to assist spelling of new words (e.g., one vowel between two consonants, silent, "e" on the end of a word, two vowels together)
Write short vowel words from dictation and from memory Writes long vowel words from dictation

Click here to download/print the First Grade curriculum. (PDF, 94KB)