Functional Behavior Assessment
Systematic way for looking at problem behavior in the context in which it happens.
A functional behavior assessment includes looking at:
- setting events
- problem behaviors, and
- maintaining consequences
Setting Events are things that when a trigger is present increases the chances that the problem behavior will occur.
- Lack of sleep
- Change in routines/people
The antecedent is what happens right before the problem behavior; it is what "triggers" the behavior.
- Work on one challenging behavior at a time
- Maintaining consequences are what occur directly AFTER the problem behavior that increase or maintain that behavior.
Record the Process
|Setting Events||Antecedent||Behavior||Consequence||Function of the Behavior|
|Dad gets home from work, mom is tired, she's been home with child all day--no adult interaction||Dad greets Mom and talks with her||Child interrupts parents and tantrums||Mom and Dad both yell at him||Acknowledge/Attention|